Saponins are found in many plants and in the animal kingdom. Saponins have a soapy character due to their surfactant properties. Saponins are steroid-like chemicals connected to sugar molecules that occur naturally in plants. Saponins are believed to have anti-oxidant,anti-cancer,anti-flammatory and anti-viral properties. They have been used to treat diabetes;liver ailments such as hepatitis;disease related to cardiovascular problems as such high blood pressure,high cholesterol, and blood clots;and mental and physical stress.
Saponins are found in a number of foods and herbs including:
3.Bacopa Monierri – Bacoside A, the putative bioactive component of the Indian medicinal plant Bacopa monnieri, was found to be a mixture of saponins with bacoside A3, bacopaside II, jujubogenin isomer of bacopasaponin C and bacopasaponin C as major constituents.
4.Diosgenin is a steroidal saponin extracted from the root of Wild Yam
6.Ginseng – the ginsenoside compositions in Ginseng herbs of different origins are of considerable variability. Total saponin contents varied by 10-fold. Chikusetsu-ninjin derived from Panax japonicus (Japan) was found to have the highest content (192.80 – 296.18 mg/g) and Ginseng from Panax ginseng to be the lowest.
7.Onion, red variety –
9.Soy bean – soybean contains a wide variety of chemical compounds that have potent bioactivity. Among these compounds are isoflavones and saponins. Recent publications describing anticancer activity of crude and purified soybean saponins have sparked a renewed interest in these compounds.
10.Tribulus terrestris extract is usually sold in a saponin concentration of 40 percent.