Archive for September, 2013

Weight loss – a healthy approach

Weight loss – a healthy approach

Weight loss can be achieved by balancing a healthy level of physical activity with eating a nutritious diet. Crash diets, fad diets and ‘yoyo’ dieting do not help you lose weight. They can also cause stress and increase the likelihood of binge eating.

Eating a balanced, nutritious diet and being physically active is the best way to stay healthy and help reduce your risk of disease. To maintain a stable weight, your energy (kilojoule) intake needs to equal the energy you use. If you use more energy than you consume, you will lose weight. On the other hand, if you eat more than you use, you will gain weight.

The sensible answer to losing excess body fat is to make small healthy changes to your eating and exercise habits. These changes should be things that you can maintain as part of your lifestyle – that way you will lose weight and keep it off.

Don’t skip meals

Skipping meals is not recommended. In fact, if you skip meals you may find you eat more when you do eat and this may lead to a larger stomach capacity. Studies show that stomach capacity can increase if large individual meals are eaten. This can then increase the amount of food you need at each meal before you feel ‘full’. This is not a reason to starve yourself if you’re trying to lose weight.

‘Yoyo’ diets will slow your metabolism

Many people who need to lose weight try crash dieting, which is a short-term solution that will increase your body fat levels in the long term. Continual cycles of dieting, weight loss and weight gain are called ‘yoyo’ dieting. Yoyo dieting does not help you to maintain a healthy body weight. Your body responds to these periods of semi-starvation by lowering its metabolic rate.

When you lose weight, you lose fat and muscle. Muscle burns calories but fat doesn’t. So, when you then stop dieting and eat normally again, your body will burn even fewer calories than before because the relative amount of muscle in your body has decreased and your metabolic rate is slower.

This kind of eating pattern can also affect your general health – just one cycle of weight loss and weight gain can contribute to an increased risk of coronary heart disease, regardless of body fat levels. That’s why it’s important to maintain the weight loss.

Think about when and why you overeat

Some of the factors that can lead to weight gain include:

  • Night eating
  • Social eating
  • Habitual eating.

If you can avoid unplanned or habitual eating, and keep to regular meals and snacks, this will help you to lose weight. You could also try to eat less food at each meal and increase the number of high-fibre, high-carbohydrate, low-saturated-fat meals and snacks you eat throughout the day.

You should try to find healthy ways to cope with stress or emotional upsets.

A healthier approach to food

You can lose body fat by making a few easy changes to your eating habits. It will help you lose body fat if you:

  • Avoid yoyo diets.
  • Eat a wide variety of food from all food groups. Check that you eat from the following food groups every day – wholegrain bread and cereals, vegetables, fruit, milk and dairy, and meat, fish or legumes and where possible choose low-fat varieties.
  • Reduce your intake of foods that are high in fat, sugar and salt. Make soft drinks, lollies and snack foods an occasional ‘extra’. Most adults should eat no more than one or two ‘treats’ a day. If you are overweight or inactive you may need to limit treats to less than one a day.
  • Try to balance an ‘extra’ food with extra exercise. The more energy you burn, the more treats you can afford to have. Remember, you should only add extra foods after you have covered your nutrient needs with choices from the healthier food groups.
  • Cut down on saturated fats and alcohol.
  • Try to eat more fresh foods and less processed foods.
  • Avoid using food for comfort, such as when you are upset, angry or stressed. Explore other healthy ways to cope with these feelings.

The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating includes information about how much and what types of food you need to eat to maintain a healthy weight.

Exercise is important to weight loss

Exercise prevents muscle loss. So it is important to exercise when you are losing weight. Exercise will protect your muscles and keep your metabolic rate ticking over at a healthy level. The number of people who are overweight and obese is increasing every year. This is because we have become more sedentary (inactive). For most of us, physical activity is no longer a natural part of our lifestyle so it must be structured into our daily schedule.

Get moving – it will give you energy

Some people feel too busy or too tired to exercise regularly, but exercise will actually increase your energy levels and help you to feel less tired. Exercise does not have to be overly strenuous to do any good. Even moderate amounts of physical activity of about 30 minutes a day can speed up the metabolic rate and aid weight loss.

The amount of energy you ‘burn up’ depends on your age, your gender and your activity level. Young people burn more energy than older people. Men burn more energy than women. More physically active people burn more energy than your average couch potato!

A healthier approach to exercise

The best approach to increasing the level of physical activity in your life is to take it slowly. You can increase your activity levels by simply increasing movement throughout the day. The human body is designed for movement and any physical activity brings benefits. Moderate intensity exercise – walking, gardening, cycling, and even mowing the lawn – has been shown to help reduce body fat.

Other suggestions for a more active lifestyle include:

  • Play a sport that you enjoy.
  • Walk instead of taking the car on short trips.
  • Get off the train, bus or tram one stop early and walk the rest of the way.
  • Play more outdoor games with your children.
  • Walk the dog.
  • Take stairs instead of lifts.
  • Choose exercise activities you think are fun, rather than those you think are ‘good’ for you.

Type of help available

If you have been a chronic crash dieter for a number of years, you might need professional help to reintroduce you to a healthy way of eating. If you are overweight, over 40 years of age or haven’t exercised regularly for a long time, check with your doctor before you start any exercise campaign. For inspiration on healthier cooking, have a look at the recipes section of the Better Health Channel.

Where to get help

  • Your doctor
  • Dietitians Association of Australia Tel. 1800 812 942
  • Recipes on the Better Health Channel.

Things to remember

  • Yoyo dieting makes you gain more weight in the long run because it lowers your metabolism.
  • Obesity rates are on the rise because the Australian lifestyle is becoming increasingly inactive.
  • Any type of regular physical activity, no matter how moderate, can help you to lose body fat.

http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Weight_loss_a_healthy_approach?open

Swimming pools – infection control

Swimming pools can be contaminated with Cryptosporidium, a parasite that causes gastroenteritis in humans. Cryptosporidium is highly contagious and can be passed from infected humans, cattle or other domestic animals. Outbreaks have been associated with swimming pools where infected swimmers contaminate the pool with the parasite from their faeces. With adequate hygiene and healthy swimming behaviour, pool contamination can be prevented.

http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Swimming_pools_infection_control

The gastrointestinal illness cryptosporidiosis is caused by the parasite Cryptosporidium parvum.Possible sources of contamination include domestic animals such as pets, and farm animals such as cattle. The parasite is transmitted by the faecal oral route, by eating or drinking contaminated foods or water. The parasite lives in the bowel and is found in the faeces of infected humans. Outbreaks of cryptosporidiosis can occur when swimmers accidentally swallow pool water contaminated by the parasite.

Cryptosporidiosis is very contagious

One infected person can pass enough parasites in a single visit to contaminate a large swimming pool. The parasites are highly resistant to chlorine, the usual form of pool disinfection. Swallowing as few as two parasites can lead to infection.

Symptoms of cryptosporidiosis

The symptoms of cryptosporidiosis are usually mild, but illness can be more severe for people with impaired immunity, in children and pregnant women. After infection, it can take one to twelve days (on average seven days) before you become ill.

Symptoms may include:

  • Profuse, watery diarrhoea, often with abdominal cramping
  • Bloating
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite, fatigue, nausea and vomiting.

The symptoms usually last for about two weeks. People with impaired immunity may be ill for longer. An infected person can continue to shed the parasite in their faeces for at least two weeks after recovery. 

Treatment for cryptosporidiosis

There is no specific treatment for cryptosporidiosis. Consult your doctor for medical advice.

Preventing Cryptosporidium contamination of swimming pool water

Poor hygiene practices mean that most swimmers retain some faeces on their body. This can be rinsed into the pool while swimming.

To help prevent such contamination events you should:

  • Never swim in a pool if you have diarrhoea or if you have had diarrhoea in the past two weeks
  • Shower and wash thoroughly with soap before entering the pool
  • Wash your hands with soap after going to the toilet or changing a nappy
  • Avoid swallowing pool water
  • Never change nappies by the pool side.

 

Preventing pool contamination by babies and toddlers

Faecal accidents by infected swimmers such as infants and toddlers (particularly those who are not toilet trained) are a high risk of contamination for the pool.

To prevent faecal contamination of pool water you should:

  • Never change your child’s nappy by the pool side – use the bathroom or nappy-change facilities
  • Use ‘aqua nappies’ for infants to better contain faeces
  • Dress toddlers in close-fitting swimsuits to better contain faeces
  • Change nappies regularly and take children for frequent trips to the toilet, to reduce the risk of accidents
  • Occasionally check your child’s nappy and bathers for faecal discharge
  • Wash your hands with soap after going to the toilet and after changing nappies
  • Never rinse your hands in the pool water after a trip to the toilet or after changing your child’s nappy
  • Report any faecal accidents to swimming pool staff.

If you or your family develop a gastrointestinal illness after swimming at a public pool, contact the pool manager so that any illness trends can be monitored.

Where to get help

  • Department of Health Water Program Tel. 1300 761 874
  • Your doctor
  • Your local council

 

Things to remember

  • Cryptosporidiosis is a highly contagious infection.
  • Do not use a swimming pool if you have had diarrhoea in the previous two weeks.
  • Always practise good hygiene before swimming and after going to the toilet.
  • Tell the pool manager if you become sick after swimming at a public pool.

 

STR – STROKE IDENTIFICATION

STROKE IDENTIFICATION:


During a BBQ, a woman stumbled and took a little fall – she assured everyone that she was fine (they offered to call paramedics) …she said she had just tripped over a brick because of her new shoes.


They got her cleaned up and got her a new plate of food. While she appeared a bit shaken up, Jane went about enjoying herself the rest of the evening.


Jane’s husband called later telling everyone that his wife had been taken to the hospital – (at 6:00 PM Jane passed away.)
She had suffered a stroke at the BBQ. Had they known how to identify the signs of a stroke, perhaps Jane would be with us today. 
Some don’t die. They end up in a helpless, hopeless condition instead.

It only takes a minute to read this.

A neurologist says that if he can get to a stroke victim within 3 hours he can totally reverse the effects of a stroke…totally. He said the trick was getting a stroke recognized, diagnosed, and then getting the patient medically cared for within 3 hours, which is tough. 


RECOGNIZING A STROKE


Thank God for the sense to remember the ‘3’ steps, STR. Read and

Learn!


Sometimes symptoms of a stroke are difficult to identify. Unfortunately, the lack of awareness spells disaster.
The stroke victim may suffer severe brain damage when people nearby fail to recognize the symptoms of a stroke.


Now doctors say a bystander can recognize a stroke by asking three simple questions:


S *
Ask the individual to SMILE.

T *Ask the person to TALK and SPEAK A

SIMPLE SENTENCE (Coherently)

(I.e. It is sunny out today.)

R *Ask him or her to RAISE BOTH ARMS.

If he or she has trouble with ANY ONE of these tasks, call emergency number immediately and describe the symptoms to the dispatcher.

New Sign of a Stroke ——– Stick out Your Tongue

NOTE: Another ‘sign’ of a stroke is this: Ask the person to ‘stick’ out his tongue. If the tongue is

‘crooked’, if it goes to one side or the other that is also an indication of a stroke.

12 beauty benefits of curd: How to use yogurt in your beauty applications, beauty uses of curd

 
 
Submitted by NUTANkumarisinha
May 29, 2012

Curd or yogurt is a highly nutritious food, which contains loads of beauty enhancing goodness too. Beauty promoting properties of curd make it a wonderful beauty aid in your day to day beauty routine. So from now on, stop spending money on expensive cosmetic products and go natural for treating your every beauty problem. Mother Nature has a wonderful product in her kitty that is curd or yogurt, which is answer to all beauty ailments. In this article you will find how to use yogurt in your beauty applications. All these beauty uses of curd are natural and very effective. Read on to know the top 12 beauty benefits of curd.

 

Beauty benefits of curd/yogurt

1. Apply plain curd on your face daily and leave it on for 15 minutes. Curd is rich in lactic acid, a natural alpha hydroxy acid, that helps to improve your complexion and makes it softer and more radiant. This application wards off premature wrinkles and age spots too. You can add honey, lemon or cucumber to curd to enhance the efficacy of curd.

2. Apply curd/yogurt mixed with honey on your face daily. On continuous use, your complexion will get fairer like never before.

3. Apply sour curd on the blackish part of your neck and leave it on for 15 minutes. Then wash off with sour curd. This application will help in eradicating the blackishness of your neck.

4. If your acne is annoying you too much, then you can rely on sour curd to fight this problem. Just dab sour curd on the affected area and wash off after 15 minutes. Your acne will start diminishing after regular use.

5. Curd is an excellent conditioner for your hair. Just apply curd on your hair for 30 minutes. Afterwards, wash off with cold water and experience softer and glossy hair within minutes. Curd can be added to henna and eggs hair mask to bring shine and volume to your hair.

6. Mix curd/yogurt with black pepper powder to apply on your dandruff –affected hair twice a week. This hair mask is very beneficial in giving you thick, healthy and silky hair that enhances your beauty quotient.

7. Gram flour mixed with curd /yogurt is the best face mask one can apply daily. Smear this face mask on your face, neck, hands and legs for 15 minutes before taking shower. Regular application of this face mask makes your skin fairer, softer and glowing.

8. Orange peel powder mixed with curd gives an excellent result in lightening the skin tone. Use this mask daily to see the gratifying results.

9. Add rose water and turmeric to curd. Massage your face with this mix for 15 minutes and wash off with warm water. You will get softer and fairer skin right after the application.

10. Add egg, parsley or oat to curd to remove the dead skin cells of the skin. This face mask is the best for clearing and exfoliating your skin.

11. Add lemon juice to curd/yogurt and apply this solution on your face. This application will grant fairer and softer skin in an instant. You can massage this solution on your hands and nails also to get shiny and healthy cuticles.

12. Apply curd on your sun burnt skin to heal and soothe it quickly. The fat content in curd helps to cure blisters and peeling caused by suntan, over a short period of time.

By now, you are aware of the best 12 beauty benefits of curd. You know how to use yogurt in your beauty applications. So do not wait anymore! Try out these amazing beauty uses of curd in your skin care regimen right now! Get set to flaunt your radiant skin to the world with confidence!

http://expertscolumn.com/content/12-beauty-benefits-curd-how-use-yoghurt-your-beauty-applications-beauty-uses-curd

10 Beauty benefits of saffron

10 Beauty benefits of saffron

Submitted by NUTANkumarisinha
May 31, 2012 –

Saffron is the most precious spice of this world, which is used in myriad cooking recipes to add an alluring aroma to your favorite cuisines. Saffron is also a big storehouse of many health benefits, which enhance the overall well being of a person. Apart from these amazing qualities, saffron provides a lot of beauty benefits too, which will induce you to use saffron in your beauty routine daily. This article brings you the amazing 10 beauty benefits of saffron. All beauty uses of saffron are very effective and easy to use. Read on to know how to use saffron in your beauty applications.

 

   Beauty benefits of saffron

1. Take 1 teaspoon of sandalwood power, 2-3 strands of saffron, and 2 spoons of milk. Mix all ingredients together. Prior to applying this face mask, wash your face and wipe with a cloth. Apply this mask when the face is still wet. You can massage your skin thoroughly with this pampering face pack in a circular motion. Let it dry for 20 minutes and then rinse it off. Apply this sandal-saffron mask at least once a week for a radiant and smooth skin.

2. Saffron is teeming with anti-bacterial qualities, which make it ideal for curing acne. Saffron’s exfoliating qualities make it a wonderful aid in clearing and brightening up the complexion.

3. Soak up few stands of saffron in milk for 2 hours. Then smear this milk all over your face and neck. Wash off after few minutes. On continuous use, you skin will start getting fairer naturally.

4. Saffron is an excellent skin lightening agent that helps to lighten your skin tone dramatically. You can make a skin lightening face mask with 2-3 strands of saffron, 1 pinch of sugar , 1 teaspoon of milk, 1 teaspoon of water and 2-3 drops of coconut oil or olive oil. Keep 2-3 strands of saffron in one teaspoon of water overnight. By morning, colour of water will turn yellow. Then add milk,sugar and coconut oil/olive oil to this. Dip a piece of bread in this mixture and wipe your face with this piece of bread. Small pieces of bread can stick to your face but it will come off easily when you wash the face. Keep this mix on your face for 15 minutes. This saffron mask freshens up the dull complexion instantly. It helps to ease off dark circles and fatigue lines. The immediate benefits of applying this nourishing saffron mask is that it helps in blood circulation resulting in a glowing skin.

5. Soak up chirongi (Sunflower seeds) and saffron in milk overnight. Grind this mixture in the morning to apply on your skin. This face mask is very beneficial for making you skin fair and glowing.

6. Massage your face with malai(milk cream) with two strands of saffron added to it. On continuous use ,you will notice fairer and radiant skin all over.

7. If you mix few strands of saffron with milk and drink it regularly, your complexion will improve naturally.

8. You can mix few strands of saffron with olive oil, almond oil or coconut oil to massage your skin. Massaging your face with any of these oils gives lighter and softer skin.

9. You can mix one pinch of saffron with liquorice and milk. Apply this mix on your bald patches; this mask helps to arrest hair fall and promotes the growth of new hair.

10. Apply honey with few strands of saffron added to it. Massage your face with magical face mask that acts as a home facial. It is very powerful home remedy that provides oxygen to the skin stimulating blood circulation. Use this facial mask for getting luminous complexion.

http://expertscolumn.com/content/10-beauty-benefits-saffron-how-use-saffron-your-beauty-applications-beauty-uses-saffron

Quotes on mental illness

“Alcohol ruined me financially and morally, broke my heart and the hearts of too many others. Even though it did this to me and it almost killed me and I haven’t touched a drop of it in seventeen years, sometimes I wonder if I could get away with drinking some now. I totally subscribe to the notion that alcoholism is a mental illness because thinking like that is clearly insane.”
Craig Ferguson, American on Purpose: The Improbable Adventures of an Unlikely Patriot
 
“Suicide is a form of murder— premeditated murder. It isn’t something you do the first time you think of doing it. It takes some getting used to. And you need the means, the opportunity, the motive. A successful suicide demands good organization and a cool head, both of which are usually incompatible with the suicidal state of mind.It’s important to cultivate detachment. One way to do this is to practice imagining yourself dead, or in the process of dying. If there’s a window, you must imagine your body falling out the window. If there’s a knife, you must imagine the knife piercing your skin. If there’s a train coming, you must imagine your torso flattened under its wheels. These exercises are necessary to achieving the proper distance.The debate was wearing me out. Once you’ve posed that question, it won’t go away. I think many people kill themselves simply to stop the debate about whether they will or they won’t. Anything I thought or did was immediately drawn into the debate. Made a stupid remark—why not kill myself? Missed the bus—better put an end to it all. Even the good got in there. I liked that movie—maybe I shouldn’t kill myself.In reality, it was only part of myself I wanted to kill: the part that wanted to kill herself, that dragged me into the suicide debate and made every window, kitchen implement, and subway station a rehearsal for tragedy.”
Susanna Kaysen
 
“Our society tends to regard as a sickness any mode of thought or behavior that is inconvenient for the system and this is plausible because when an individual doesn’t fit into the system it causes pain to the individual as well as problems for the system. Thus the manipulation of an individual to adjust him to the system is seen as a cure for a sickness and therefore as good.”
Theodore Kaczynski
 
“Between 10 and 20 percent of people with anorexia die from heart attacks, other complications and suicide; the disease has the highest mortality rate of any mental illness. Or Kitty could have lost her life in a different way, lost it to the roller coaster of relapse and recovery, inpatient and outpatient, that eats up, on average, five to seven years. Or a lifetime: only half of all anorexics recovery in the end. The other half endure lives of dysfunction and despair. Friends and families give up on them. Doctors dread treating them. They’re left to stand in the bakery with the voice ringing in their ears, alone in every way that matters.”
Harriet Brown
 
“The word is dissociate. There is no ‘a’ before the invariably say dis-a-ssociate, which, if you’re suffering Disso-ciative Identity Disorder/Multiple Personality Disorder, can be irritating. People then want to know how many personalities I have and the answer is: I don’t know. The first book about Multiple Personality Disorder to make an impact was Flora Rheta Schreiber’s Sybil, published in 1973, which carries the subtitle: The True and Extraordinary Story of a Woman Possessed by Sixteen Separate Personalities. Corbett H. Thigpen and Hervey M. Cleckley published the controversial The Three Faces of Eve much earlier in 1957, and Pete Townshend from The Who wrote the song ‘Four Faces’. People seem to feel safe with numbers.
The truth is more complicated. The kids emerged over time. Billy, the boisterous five-year-old, was at first the most dominant. But he slowly stood aside for JJ, the self-confident ten-year-old who appears when Alice is under stress and handles complicated situations like travelling on the Underground and meeting new people. The first entity to visit was the external voice of the Professor. But he had a choir of accomplices without names. So, how many actual alter personalities are there? I would than fifteen and less than thirty, a combination of protectors, persecutors and friends – my own family tree.”
Alice Jamieson, Today I’m Alice: Nine Personalities, One Tortured Mind
 
“Some people think mental illness is a matter of mood, a matter of personality. They think depression is simply a form of being sad, that OCD is a form of being uptight. They think the soul is sick, not the body. It is, they believe, something that you have some choice over.I know how wrong this is.When I was a child, I didn’t understand. I would wake up in a new body and wouldn’t comprehend why things felt muted, dimmer. Or the opposite–I’d be supercharged, unfocused, like a radio at top volume flipping quickly from station to station. Since I didn’t have access to the body’s emotions, I assumed the ones I was feeling were my own. Eventually, though, I realized these inclinations, these compulsions, were as much a part of the body as its eye color or its voice. Yes, the feelings themselves were intangible, amorphous, but the cause of the feelings was a matter of chemistry, biology.It is a hard cycle to conquer. The body is working against you. And because of this, you feel even more despair. Which only amplifies the imbalance. It takes uncommon strength to live with these things. But I have seen that strength over and over again.”
David Levithan, Every Day