Archive for June, 2014

SWEET POTATO (Kamote)

SWEET POTATO (Kamote) far exceeds the nutrition and health values of rice.
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Here are the benefits of substituting rice with kamote:

 

    1. Sweet potato is more filling and suppresses hunger pangs longer. It is also cheaper than rice.

 

    1. Unlike rice, it is  easy to grow. It grows in backyards with or without fertilizers. Local government executives can provide their poor communities with idle government land for planting kamote which the entire community can share.

 

    1. Unlike rice which needs to be eaten with a dish, Sweet Potato tastes good and can be eaten by itself. Thus, substituting rice with sweet potato saves money for other needs.

 

    1. Rice cannot match the nutritional values of potato. Because rice converts to sugar in the body, the Philippines registers as a top producer of diabetics in the world. The poor tends to load up on rice and less on the dish which are more expensive. That makes them vulnerable to diabetes, an ailment known in developed countries as a rich man’s disease.

 

    1. The nutritional values of a 3 oz. baked sweet potato are: calories 90, fat 0 g, saturated fat 0 g, cholesterol 0 mg, carbohydrate 21 g, protein 2 g, dietary fiber 3 g, sodium 36 mg

 

    1. Too much rice consumption can make you sick, but sweet potato (kamote) can bring you to health and keep away some health problems. These have been proved medically.

 
Sweet Potato (kamote) lowers hypertension, bad cholesterol and even blood sugar when eaten as as a substitute to rice! The purple sweet potato (kamote) is particularly effective for lowering hypertension.

The Korean medical documentary credits the sweet potato (kamote) as high fiber and is one of the best foods that one can eat to prevent cancer!

The 7 Dangerous Acts after meal

The 7 Dangerous Acts after meal

 

* Don’t smoke- Experiment from experts proves that smoking a cigarette after meal is comparable to smoking 10 cigarettes (chances of cancer is higher).

 

* Don’t eat fruits immediately -When you eat your fruits with meals, the fruit is stuck in the stomach along with the contents of the meals and cannot reach the intestines in time. Lying there they get spoilt and spoil the remaining food in the stomach too. Thus it is recommended that you eat a fruit at least one hour after eating a meal or before your meal and preferably in the morning with empty stomach. It is in the morning that the body can best use the nutrients in the fruit and get enough energy to start the day.

 

* Don’t drink tea – Because tea leaves contain a high content of acid. This substance will cause the Protein content in the food we consume to be hardened thus difficult to digest.It is preferable to drink tea an hour after meals.

 

* Don’t loosen your belt -Fiction, not particularly bad for you!

We generally have an attitude that a good meal is that which forces us to loosen our belts. However, loosening the belt is bad, not because it causes the intestines to twist or block but because it means that you have over eaten to a level that you are uncomfortable. Loosening of the belt may also cause you to feel comfortable once again which means you may continue overeating.

So eat only to the extent that you can be comfortable without loosening your belt!

 

* Don’t bathe – Bathing after meal will cause the increase of blood flow to the hands, legs & body thus the amount of blood around the stomach will therefore decrease. This will weaken the digestive system in our stomach.

 

* Don’t walk about -Fact, it is bad for you! Walking directly after meals is a bad idea, it can result to acid reflux and indigestion. However, walking about half an hour after meals is known to be good for you. Researchers in the Department of Exercise Science at the University of South Carolina, have found that walking after exercise is a good way to burn energy.

 

The point to note is when to walk, you should ideally walk for about 10 minutes and only 20-30 minutes after meal to prevent acid reflux and stomach upsets.

 

* Don’t sleep immediately – The food we intake will not be able to digest properly. Thus will lead to gastric & infection in our intestine.

 

 

I love tomatoes

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Tomato is a fruit that is also considered a vegetable and is extensively used in making a wide variety of dishes. It is used in vegetarian as well as non-vegetarian dishes all over the world and also for snacks on a regular basis. It is famous for being used in pizzas, sandwiches and cocktails too. This widely used fruit has many nutritional benefits in addition to its preference in many cultures.

http://www.stylecraze.com/articles/amazing-benefits-of-tomatoes/

 

It belongs to the nightshade family of vegetables and its cultivation has been dominant in ancient Spain since the Aztecs. It was introduced to the world by Spanish wanderers and it has since gained massive popularity across all regions of the world.

Health Benefits Of Tomatoes:

1. Filling Food:

tomato-hair-benefits

As Tomatoes have high water content, they work perfect as filling food. Tomatoes, with its water content moisturises our skin and keeps it healthy and shiny. This is makes this one of the main benefits of tomato.

2. Complete Vitamins & Nutritional content:

It provides almost 20 percent of the daily vitamin intake required, per serving, which is necessary for maintaining good health. It is also known to have all the positive nutrients needed for proper functioning of the human body according to USDA. This is also one of the major tomato benefits.

3. Controls Heart rate:

Being rich in potassium content, it gives about 237 mg of potassium which is useful for controlling heart rate and is helpful in preventing heart diseases and strokes.

 

The vitamins such as vitamin A, flavonoid B complex, thiamine, folates, niacin etc. are also present in tomatoes that help cure skin and eye diseases.

5.  High Blood Pressure:

Tomatoes, with a powerful punch of minerals and nutrients also help in safeguarding our body from High Blood Pressure and High Cholesterol.

5. Good for Bones and Teeth:

 

Being rich in Calcium, it tends to improve bone strength and bone formation in the body. It is also beneficial in maintaining the teeth in healthy state.

7. Free Radicals curbed:

Some of its flavonoid antioxidants, such as lycopene and zea-xanthin are best known to health specialists for their anti-free radical behaviour.

8. Anti Cancerous:

The antioxidant behaviour of this vegetable also helps to prevent many unwanted reactions in the lungs, colon and breasts that can tend to be cancerous. The antioxidants help in the treatment of cancer by preventing carcinogenic reactions in the body which stop by blocking free radicals from proceeding further.

9. Cell Repair and Muscle Building:

It is a naturally rich source of protein, which is good for cell repair and muscle building.

10. Less Fat content:

Other basic nutrients include 4 grams of carbohydrates, 1 gram of protein, 18 calories and 0 grams of saturated fat. This vegetable can be eaten in good amounts due to the lower rate of calories in tomato.

Tomato: Skin Benefits

Besides cooking, tomato can be used in a number of ways to enhance your beauty. It is considered to be the panacea of skin. It is believed that consuming tomato and tomato products will give you a healthy and beautiful skin. Its beauty benefits are gaining popularity with every passing day.

Some of them are:

11. Tomato is highly effective for treating open pores.  Add four drops of tomato juice to 1 tablespoon of water and apply it on your face with the help of a cotton ball. Gently massage your skin with this mixture and leave it on for 15 minutes. Regular application of this will shrink the pore size.

12. Tomatoes are not just an important part of a healthy diet but also work wonders when applied topically on the skin. Applying tomato juice or rubbing tomato halves on the skin evens out the skin and revives the glow giving you a healthy looking skin. It contains high amount of Vitamin C which is known to brighten skin.

13. Tomato seed oil is the newest addition to the line of natural carrier oils and is excellent for treating several skin conditions.  These are packed with a substance that fights free radicals and signs of ageing.  Tomato seed oil is used for the treatment of mild to severe skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis. It is also helpful in treating dry and damaged skin. Use a moderate quantity of oil to massage the affected areas of your skin. Leave it overnight and wash it off the next day. You can also add this oil to your facial creams, moisturizer and scrubs, to keep the skin soft and smooth.

14. Vitamin A and C are commonly found in many acne treating medicines and ointments. The high acidic content in tomatoes helps to treat rashes and acne.  If you are suffering from tiny zits on your face, then cut the tomato in two halves and apply the inside of it on your face. If you suffer from severe acne problems then peel a fresh tomato and mash it. Apply this pulp on your face and leave it for an hour. Rinse it off and pat dry. Use this pack regularly to get rid of tan and pimples.

15. Excess sebum production leads to clogging of pores that leads to pimples, dirt build up and uneven skin tone. Squeeze juice of 2 tomatoes and add 4 tablespoons of cucumber juice to it. Apply this homemade toner to your face daily with the help of a cotton ball to control excess oil and shine and to unclog the pores.

16. Tomatoes and its products enable the skin to take oxygen in and prevent the signs of ageing. It provides an amazing natural skin treatment which can make the skin look younger and healthy with less effort.

17. According to various studies, tomato contains an antioxidant called lycopene which acts as a natural sunscreen. This provides the skin protection from harsh UV rays.

18. Tomato extract is often used in luxurious body massage oils to combat visible sign of stress on the skin.  Tomato extract is also used in eye creams, which, along with other essential ingredients, leaves the eyes looking fresh and revitalized.

19. The astringent properties of tomato make it an excellent choice for combination skin. A pack made from mashed avocados and tomatoes soothes the skin and cleanses it thoroughly to give you a glowing complexion.  Apply this face pack and wash it off with lukewarm water after 20 to 30 minutes. Tomato contains natural oil reducing and astringent properties while avocado provides antiseptic and moisturizing effect to the skin.

20. Consumption of at least 16 milligrams of lycopene every day reduces the amount of free radicals in the body to give you a youthful kin. It fights cellular damage and reddening of the skin and also retains the moisture, thus preventing fine lines and wrinkles. This property of tomato makes it an amazing anti -ageing product.

21. Tomato is considered as a natural bleaching agent and is very helpful in lightening the skin tone. Prepare a face pack by mixing 1 teaspoon of oatmeal, 1 teaspoon of yoghurt and 2 teaspoon of tomato pulp. Apply it on the face and neck and leave it for 20 minutes.  Oatmeal will gently exfoliate the skin, while yoghurt and tomato will help to clear the blemishes. This improves the complexion.

22. According to Prevention Magazine, people who consumed 5 tablespoon of tomato paste daily for 3 consecutive months were naturally protected against sun burn. Sun burnt skin can also be treated by applying tomato on the affected parts. Make a pack by mixing 2 teaspoons of tomato pulp with 1 teaspoon of yoghurt.  Apply this on the face, neck, hands and feet. Tomato cools the skin while yoghurt provides a protein boost to make the skin soft and supple.

23. Mix honey with tomato juice to make a thick paste. Apply it on the face and wash it off after 15 minutes to get a smooth and glowing skin.

24. Tomatoes can greatly help you to remove dead skin cells. Grind tomatoes in a mixer with the seeds and add 1 teaspoon of sugar to it. Apply it on the face and massage gently in circular motion. You can also cut 1 tomato into 2 halves and sprinkle some sugar on it. Gently scrub your skin with it to do away with dead skin cells and get a clean and fresh looking skin.

Tomato: Hair Benefits:

You must have noticed that many hair care products including shampoos and conditioners contain tomato extract as one of the ingredients. This is because tomato contains important nutrients like Vitamin A, B C and E, which are excellent stimulants for healthy hair. Some of the benefits of tomatoes for hair include these below.

25. Tomatoes are considered to be an excellent cure for hair loss. It is believed that application of tomato pulp on scalp can prevent hair loss.

26. Tomatoes are amazing natural conditioners coming straight from your kitchen.  It provides natural shine to the hair and makes it soft and manageable.  Take a few drops of oil in your hand and apply it on your hair. This will act as a leave-in conditioner and will keep the hair manageable and frizz free.

27. Pure, homemade tomato puree can help in bringing radiance and elasticity to dry hair. Mix tomato puree with oil and apply it on the hair.  Leave it for 20 minutes and then wash it off.  This will make the hair super smooth, shiny and flexible as it contains high amounts of protein in it.

28. Regular swimming often changes the colour of the hair due to the high amount of chlorine present in the pool water. Tomato can be a great help to remove the stains from the hair.  Apply pure tomato juice to the hair and leave it for 20 minutes. Rinse it off with water, followed by shampoo and conditioning.

29. Tomato juice also acts as a soaking agent to remove odours. Apply freshly squeezed tomato juice on the scalp and massage your hair with it for a few minutes.  Leave it for 30 minutes and then wash it off as usual.

30. Moisture often escapes from the scalp during winters, making the hair strands dry and brittle, leading to breakage.  So make sure to keep your hair replenished with the help of tomatoes. Tomatoes help to lock the much needed moisture in the hair to prevent it from dry.

31. Tomatoes are very useful for curing itchy scalp and dandruff. Itchy scalp and dandruff leads to other scalp problems, like eczema and scalp psoriasis.  Tomato contains high amount of Vitamin C which fights dandruff and provides collagen for proper tissue development of the scalp. Take 2 to 3 ripe tomatoes and make a thick pulp out of it. Add 2 table spoon of lemon juice to it and mix well to form a smooth paste. Apply the pack gently on the scalp. Do not scratch the scalp with nails. Apply it properly on the scalp and leave it for 30 minutes. Rinse your hair with water and let it dry.

32. Tomato hair rinse can be used to impart shine and remove excess build up from the scalp. Take 3 ripe tomatoes, remove the skin and seeds and squeeze the juice out of it. Spray it on your hair and scalp and wash it off after 1 hour.

Selection and Storage:

Tomatoes are available all year round in both fresh and preserved form. There are thousands of varieties of tomatoes which are available in various shapes, sizes and colors. Two common shapes of tomatoes are round or pear shaped and cherry sized.  Select tomatoes that are rich in color like deep red, vibrant oranges or tangerines. Tomatoes are also available in yellow and purple colors but these are less acidic and thus don’t have much flavour.  They should be well shaped, devoid of any dent, cracks or bruises. The skin should be taut and not shriveled or wrinkled.  Fresh and ripe tomato yield to slight pressure and emit a sweet fragrance.

Tomatoes are quite sensitive to cold as it can impede its ripening process and even nullify its flavour.  So store them at room temperature, away from direct sunlight and consume it as early as possible.  Purchase tomatoes that ripen in the vine, as the sugars, acidic and aroma compounds remain intact in vine ripened tomatoes. Avoid buying tomatoes that are over ripe and soft.

If by mistake you have bought slightly unripe tomatoes, then wrap them in a paper bag with banana or apples and leave overnight.  Ethylene gas emitted by these fruits will speed up the ripening process.  Place them in the refrigerator after they are fully ripe, where they will stay fresh for 2 to 3 more days. Take them out from refrigerator at least 30 minutes before using them as this will enhance their flavour and juiciness. While purchasing tomato ketchup, purchase only organic ketchup to avoid unwanted pesticides residue and other contaminants. Overripe tomatoes are easily perishable and should be ideally stored in the refrigerator.

The high acidic content of the tomato is the prime reason that tomatoes are re-canned more than any other fruit or vegetable. Canned tomatoes come in many varieties like whole, chopped, crushed, and pureed and sauce like. Unopened canned tomatoes can be consumed within 6 months while opened tomatoes should be consumed within a week.

You can also freeze the tomatoes if you have excess of it. Freezing will not alter the flavour or texture of the tomatoes. All you need to do is wash it thoroughly and leave it to dry. Place the tomatoes on a zip lock pouch and suck out the air with a straw. When required, remove from the bag and thaw to remove the skin.

Usage:

There is no dearth of uses of this versatile ‘vegetable’. Tomatoes are used extensively in cooking and are a staple in our Indian cuisine. Tomatoes are mixed with other ingredients to enhance the flavour of the dish. Green tomatoes are used to prepare chutneys and pickles in our cuisine.

Tomato juice is gaining immense popularity as a popular health drink.  Opt for organic tomato juice as it contains 3 times more lycopene than the regular ones.

Regular tomatoes, mainly cherry tomatoes are used in the preparation of salads and sandwiches.

You can also stew tomatoes to prepare tomato soup, sauce, and other baked dishes. Homemade tomato sauce is way better that those available in the market.

Tomato Nutrition facts (USDA):

Principle

Nutrient Value

Percentage of RDA

Energy 18 Kcal 1%
Carbohydrates 3.9 g 3%
Protein 0.9 g 1.6%
Total Fat 0.2 g 0.7%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Dietary Fiber 1.2 g 3%

Vitamins

   
Folates 15 µg 4%
Niacin 0.594 mg 4%
Pyridoxine 0.080 mg 6%
Thiamin 0.037 mg 3%
Vitamin A 833 IU 28%
Vitamin C 13 mg 21.5%
Vitamin E 0.54 mg 4%
Vitamin K 7.9 µg 6.5%

Electrolytes

   
Sodium 5 mg >1%
Potassium 237 mg 5%

Minerals

   
Calcium 10 mg 1%
Iron 0.3 mg 4%
Magnesium 11 mg 3%
Manganese 0.15 mg 6.5%
Phosphorus 24 mg 3%
Zinc 0.17 mg 1.5%

Phyto-nutrients

   
Carotene-ß 449 µg
Carotene-α 101 µg
Lutein-zeaxanthin 123 µg
Lycopene 2573 µg

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According to USDA reports, this vegetable contains all the necessary nutrients for a human body.

  • It provides almost 20 percent of the vitamin intake necessary per serving.
  • Its potassium rich content gives about 237 mg of potassium which is useful for controlling heart rate and cell damage.
  • The vitamins such as Vitamin A, flavonoid B complex, thiamine, folates, niacin etc. are also present in tomatoes.
  • Other basic nutrients include 4 grams of carbohydrates, 1 gram of protein, 18 calories and 0 grams of saturated fat.

Include this wonder vegetable in dishes, sauces, pickles, puree’s etc. to avail its benefits and fulfil your body’s nutrient intake. Tomatoes are easily available in your local market, so go grab one right away. It is but obvious by now that the tomato health benefits are numerous!

sweet cherry

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JAMU (TRADITIONAL HERBAL MEDICINE)

JAMU (TRADITIONAL HERBAL MEDICINE)
and TRADITIONAL COSMETICS

JAMU

‘Back to nature’ is not merely a slogan in Java and Indonesia. The visible proof is the use of traditional herbal medicine of various type of ‘medical plants’, either from the leaves, the fruits, the roots, the flowers or the barks, etc.

These herbal medicine had been used since the ancient time up to now, it is largely consumed by people of different level; lower, middle and upper, in the villages and in the big cities.

The study of jamu had been conducted by Rumphius, a botanist as early as the year 1775 AD by publishing a book ‘Herbaria Amboinesis’. A scientific research for jamu by the research center of herbal medicine in Bogor Botanical Garden, resulting a publication of a book ‘Medical Book for Children and Adults’, composed by E. Van Bent.

The first seminar about jamu has been held in Solo in 1940, followed by a Formation of Indonesia’s Jamu Committee in 1944. In the 1966, a seminar on jamu was held again. In 1981, a book by title of ‘The use of Medical Plants’ was established to support the jamu industry in the country.

The method of using the jamu remains the same as the ancestors did. Some are consumed by drinking it and some are for outside application.

At present one could buy easily ready made jamu packed modernly in the form of powder, pills, capsules, drinking liquid and ointments. Of course there are still jamu shops, which sell only ingredients or prepare the jamu on spot as required by buyers. Some women are roaming the street to sell jamu, is a common view across the country.

The traditional methods of making jamu such as by boiling the prepared herbal ingredients (jamu godok) still prevail in Javanese society. The popular traditional tools of making jamu are still available in many Javanese houses such as; Lumpang (small iron Mortar), pipisan, parut (grater), kuali (clay pot), etc.

What kind of disease could jamu cure?
The reply is almost every disease, jamu could cure. There are various kinds of jamu to combat different kind of illness. In Principle there are two types of jamu; the first is jamu to maintain physical fitness and health, the locally popular are Galian Singset (to keep women body fit and slim) and Sehat Lelaki (to keep men body healthy). The second is jamu to cure various kinds of illness. Except the above, there are special jamu created with the purpose to maintain a loving family harmony. The popular products among other are Sari Rapet, which makes a women sexual organ in a good condition, as for the man the matched product is jamu Kuat Lekaki (strong man). The Javanese are also taking a great care to pregnant women during pre and postnatal period by producing the related jamu. There are also jamu for the babies.

The Herbs for Jamu
There are hundreds of herbs for jamu prescriptions, among other are:

Spices
Ginger (Zingiber Officinale)
Lempuyang (Zingiber Oronaticum)
Temu Lawak/ Wild Ginger (Curcuma Cautkeridza)
Kunyit/ Tumeric (Curcuma Domestica)
Kencur/ Greater Galingale (Kaemferi Galanga)
Lengkuas/ Ginger Plant (Elpina Galanga)
Bengle (Zingiber Bevifalium)

Leaves
Secang (Caesalpinia Sappan Hinn)
Sambang Dara (Rexco Ecaria Bicolar Hassk)
Brotowali (Tiospora Rumpii Boerl)
Adas (Foeniculum Vulgare Mill)

Fruits
Jeruk Nipis/ Calamondin (Citrae Aurantifalia Sivingle)
Ceplukan (Physalic Angulata Him)
Nyamplung (Calophylum Inaphyllu)

Barks
Kayu Manis/ Cinamon (Gijeyzahyza Glabra)

Flowers
Melati/ Yasmin (Jataninum Sunbac Ait)
Rumput Alang-alang (Gramineae)

It is worth to note that some jamu factories in Java are exporting its products. Besides the export of ready made jamu, 25 kinds of herbal plants and ingredients are also in the list of export to Europe, Australia, USA, Japan, etc.

No Side Effects
The people like to consume jamu due to :

  • Availability in many places
  • Comparatively cheap price
  • No side effects

TRADITIONAL COSMETICS

The Natural Beauty of Woman
A Javanese woman is very much concern for her physical appearance to be always slim, beautiful with an alluring bright smiling face.

As a Javanese idiom says “Ngadi Sarira” to maintain the body to be always in perfect condition is of prime important. The way of life of a Javanese is greatly influenced by the royal culture. Not surprisingly that the art of “Keeping Beauty’ is originated from the court palaces.

The Secret of a Princess Beauty
The Ladies of the Royal Families have a reputation to inherit the beauty of goddesses from paradise.

As told in the story of wayang (leather puppet) by the dalang (puppet master) , all parts of a princess body is always perfect and alluring: the beautiful black thick hair, a smooth skin, bright eyes, charming eye brows, eye lids and nose, bright reddish lips, white nicely teeth, wonderful built neck and shoulder, beautiful hands and arms, a waist like the one of a bee meanings slim and perfectly built.

The dalang with a clear deep voice, like in the poem reading adores the beauty of a princess with a thousands of words. It seems that all words of a complete dictionary are not enough to express of what a wonderful beauty a princess has.

The use of Traditional Jamu and Cosmetics
Nowadays, some secrets of this Karaton (Palaces) culture of “Ngadi Sarira” are known by many women from outside the Karaton walls. The Jamu is widely used to give an inner beauty, due to a good physical health.

Some of the products are consumed directly by eating it, for instance Kepel Fruit (a brown fruit of a chicken egg size), it’s a natural deodorant. By eating it that would fragrant the odor of the body even the urine smells the fragrance of that fruit.

Jambu Mawar ( a kind of rose apple, mawar means a flower of rose) gives a fresh smell of breath. Some cosmetics are for outside application such as bedak dingin (cool powder) and lulur (scrubbing powder).

Beauty Care
Every woman is always proud of her hair – thick and shining, color and style. For natural shampooing, the ash of rice stalks work as a shampoo to clean the hair. After being washed by water, ingredients consist of
coconut milk, jeruk purut (a kind of citrus fruit smells like a lime ) and pandanus leaves are to be applied. It functions as a conditioner to clean the dandruff. The hair then washed by water again, to be dried while vaporizing with ratus fragrance.

Finally, a hair oil by the name of cemceman, made of coconut oil with pandanus , kenanga flower, jeruk purut etc. is applied.

Skin Care
For face caring, bedak dingin (cool powder) is applied. It’s made from tendered rice with special ingredients, such as pandanus, kenanga flower etc.

For other parts of the body, lulur is applied, popularly known as mandi lulur (lulur bathing).

Lulur is also made from tendered rice, pandanus, some leaves of kemuning (with yellow color) and some medicinal roots. The lulur should stimulate the body to throw out the dead cells, replace it with new ones, stimulate blood circulation under the skin, smooth the skin and at the same time scents it.

Steaming the body
Steams of several boiled herbs are applied to ensure body freshness, including the woman organ. The steaming took about a ½ hour.

Producers
Besides the traditional cosmetics made by hand, in the country there are some big and well known manufactures of cosmetics, using modern machinery. These products are used widely across the country, even this cosmetics have been exported to many countries of the world.

 

http://www.joglosemar.co.id/jamu.html

(Suryo S. Negoro)