Posts Tagged ‘drugs’

WHAT IS MARIJUANA?

WHAT IS MARIJUANA?

Marijuana is the word used to describe the dried flowers, seeds and leaves of the Indian hemp plant. On the street, it is called by many other names, such as: astro turf, bhang, dagga, dope, ganja, grass, hemp, home grown, J, Mary Jane, pot, reefer, roach, Texas tea and weed.

Hashish is a related form of the drug, made from the resins of the Indian hemp plant. Also called chocolate, hash or shit, it is on average six times stronger than marijuana.

“Cannabis” describes any of the different drugs that come from Indian hemp, including marijuana and hashish.

Regardless of the name, this drug is a hallucinogen—a substance which distorts how the mind perceives the world you live in.

The chemical in cannabis that creates this distortion is known as “THC.” The amount of THC found in any given batch of marijuana may vary substantially, but overall, the percentage of THC has increased in recent years.

HOW IS IT USED?

Marijuana is the most commonly used illegal drug in the world. A survey conducted in 2007 found that 14.4 million individuals in the US alone had smoked marijuana at least once during the previous month.

Marijuana is usually smoked as a cigarette (joint), but may also be smoked in a pipe. Less often, it is mixed with food and eaten or brewed as tea. Sometimes users open up cigars and remove the tobacco, replacing it with pot—called a “blunt.” Joints and blunts are sometimes laced with other, more powerful drugs, such as crack cocaine or PCP (phencyclidine, a powerful hallucinogen).

When a person smokes a joint, he usually feels its effect within minutes. The immediate sensations—increased heart rate, lessened coordination and balance, and a “dreamy,” unreal state of mind—peak within the first 30 minutes. These short-term effects usually wear off in two to three hours, but they could last longer, depending on how much the user takes, the potency of THC and the presence of other drugs added into the mix.

As the typical user inhales more smoke and holds it longer than he would with a cigarette, a joint creates a severe impact on one’s lungs. Aside from the discomfort that goes with sore throats and chest colds, it has been found that consuming one joint gives as much exposure to cancer-producing chemicals as smoking five cigarettes.

The mental consequences of marijuana use are equally severe. Marijuana smokers have poorer memories and mental aptitude than do non-users.

Animals given marijuana by researchers have even suffered structural damage to the brain.

http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/marijuana.html

Cannabis sativa, marihuana, hemp, plant

Cannabis sativa, marihuana, hemp, plant Photo/Libor Sojka (CTK via AP Images)

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Date Rape Drugs

Date Rape Drugs
Drink spiking has been on the increase and is most dangerous.  You ladies, should never leave your drinks unguarded in public places.   Beware!   cheers!  

What’s the difference between drunken sex and date rape?

If a woman says yes, it’s not rape. If a woman is drunk and says yes, and has no regrets later, it’s drunken sex. If a woman is drunk and says yes, but later has regrets, it’s date rape.

When people think of rape, they might think of a stranger jumping out of a shadowy place and sexually attacking someone. But it’s not only strangers who rape. In fact, about half of all people who are raped know the person who attacked them.

Most friendships, acquaintances, and dates never lead to violence, of course. But, sadly, sometimes it happens. When forced sex occurs between two people who already know each other, it is known as date rape or acquaintance rape.

Date Rape

Even if the two people know each other well, and even if they were intimate or had sex before, no one has the right to force a sexual act on another person against his or her will.
What are date rape drugs?

These are drugs that are sometimes used to assist a sexual assault. Sexual assault is any type of sexual activity that a person does not agree to. It can include inappropriate touching, vaginal penetration, sexual intercourse, rape, and attempted rape. Because of the effects of these drugs, victims may be physically helpless, unable to refuse sex, and can’t remember what happened. The drugs often have no color, smell, or taste and are easily added to flavored drinks without the victim’s knowledge. There are at least three date rape drugs:

GHB (gamma hydroxybutyric acid)
Rohypnol (flunitrazepam)
Ketamine (ketamine hydrochloride)

Although we use the term “date rape,” most experts prefer the term “drug-facilitated sexual assault.” These drugs have been used to help people commit other crimes, like robbery and physical assault, and have been used on both men and women.

What do the drugs look like?

GHB has a few forms: a liquid with no odor or color, white powder, and pill.

Rohypnol is a pill and dissolves in liquids. New pills turn blue when added to liquids.
However, the old pills, with no color, are still available.

Ketamine is a white powder.(special K)

What effects do these drugs have on the body?

The drugs can affect you quickly. The length of time that the effects last varies. It depends on how much of the drug is taken and if the drug is mixed with other substances, like alcohol. Alcohol can worsen the drug’s effects and can cause more health problems. Also, one drug � GHB � can be made by people in their homes, so you don’t know what’s in it.

Girls and women are most often raped – one in three women will be sexually assaulted in her life. Guys can also be raped, though: 7% to 10% of rape victims are male.

You may hear some people say that those who have been raped were somehow “asking for it” because of the clothes they wore or the way they acted. That’s wrong: The person who is raped is not to blame. Rape is always the fault of the rapist. And that’s also the case when two people are dating – or even in an intimate relationship. One person never owes the other person sex. If sex is forced against someone’s will, that’s rape.

Even though rape involves forced sex, rape is not about sex or passion. Rape has nothing to do with love. Rape is an act of aggression and violence.

Healthy relationships involve respect – including respect for the feelings of others. Someone who really cares about you will respect your wishes and not force or pressure you to have sex.

GHB can cause these problems:

relaxation
drowsiness
dizziness
nausea
problems seeing
unconsciousness (black out)
seizures
problems breathing
can’t remember what happened while drugged
tremors
sweating
vomiting
slow heart rate
dream-like feeling
coma
death
can’t remember what happened while drugged
lower blood pressure
sleepiness
muscle relaxation or loss of muscle control
drunk feeling
nausea
problems talking
difficulty with motor movements
loss of consciousness
confusion
problems seeing
dizziness
confusion
stomach problems

Rohypnol

Rohypnol can cause these problems:

Clonazepam and Alprazolam

These two drugs are taking the place of Rohypnol abuse in some areas of the United States now. Clonazepam is marketed as Klonopin in the United States and Rivotril in Mexico. Alprazolam is marketed as Xanax. These drugs offer very similar affects compared to Rohypnol when used and when abused can cause dependency and addiction

Ketamine can cause these problems:

hallucinations
lost sense of time and identity
distorted perceptions of sight and sound
feeling out of control
impaired motor function
problems breathing
convulsions
vomiting
out of body experiences
memory problems
dream-like feeling
numbness
loss of coordination
aggressive or violent behavior
slurred speech

Here are some things teen girls and guys can do to protect themselves against date rape drugs:

Keep your drink with you at all times, even when you go to the bathroom.
Don’t drink from punch bowls.
Don’t accept drinks from others.
Only drink from containers you opened yourself.
Don’t drink things that taste or look funny.
Don’t drink alcohol or use drugs.
Go to parties with friends and watch out for each other.
Be clear about your standards and limits, and avoid people who pressure you to change them.
Stay away from people and situations that make you feel uncomfortable.
Don’t go off alone with anyone you don’t know well.

If Date Rape Happens . . .

Get help. Don’t isolate yourself, don’t feel guilty, and don’t try to ignore it. It is a crime and should be reported.

Get medical attention as soon as possible. Do not shower, wash, douche, or change your clothes. Valuable evidence could be destroyed.

Get counseling to deal with the emotional trauma.

If you think you’ve been assaulted while under the influence of Rohypnol or GHB, seek help immediately, try not to urinate before providing urine samples and, if possible, collect any glasses from which you drank.

Reductil, three other weight loss drugs suspended

Reductil, three other weight loss drugs suspended

The Health Sciences Authority (HSA) is suspending the sale of sibutramine products in Singapore with effect from today.

Sibutramine is marketed under four different brands in Singapore – Reductil®, Ectiva®, Reduxade® (all by Abbott) and Slenfig® (Apotheca Marketing). It was licensed for use in Singapore in 2001 as an adjunctive therapy to diet and exercise for obesity and for overweight patients.

The decision to suspend the sale of these products came about after HSA consulted its Pharmacovigilance Advisory Committee (PVAC) and a panel of external experts in metabolic diseases and cardiology about the risks and benefits of the drug.

From a benefit-risk assessment of the drug, HSA concluded that the increased cardiovascular risk of sibutramine outweighed the modest weight loss (up to 2.4 kg) seen in patients.

HSA’s decision also took into consideration the findings from the Sibutramine Cardiovascular Outcomes (SCOUT) study, the use of the product in Singapore, and developments in other international jurisdictions.

The SCOUT study was a large study designed to evaluate the cardiovascular safety after the long-term use of sibutramine in patients who had a history of heart disease and/or type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

The study has shown a moderate increased risk of serious cardiovascular events associated with sibutramine use in patients with pre-existing heart disease.

It also demonstrated that the increased cardiovascular risk of sibutramine outweighed the modest efficacy seen.

Following the preliminary results of the SCOUT study in early 2010, HSA had updated healthcare professionals in January 2010 on the cardiovascular risks associated with the use of sibutramine and advised healthcare professionals not to prescribe the drug to patients with a history of heart disease.

In Singapore, all four sibutramine products are not allowed for use in patients with a history of cardiovascular problems such as coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, tachycardia, peripheral arterial occlusive disease, arrhythmia, stroke and inadequately controlled hypertension.

To date, HSA has received three non-serious cardiovasular-related adverse reaction reports that were associated with the use of sibutramine. All three patients had recovered following the discontinuation of the use of sibutramine products.

With the suspension of sales of sibutramine, doctors have been advised not to prescribe sibutramine to new patients.

Patients who have been prescribed sibutramine are advised to consult their doctors for a review of their therapy.

Patients should also consult their doctors if they experience cardiovascular-related side effects such as increased heart rate, irregular heartbeat, or any other discomforts after taking sibutramine.

Earlier this month, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommended against the continued use of sibutramine as the drug may pose unnecessary cardiovascular risks to patients.

Prior to that, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) had decided to suspend the marketing of sibutramine throughout Europe until additional data becomes available.

Abbott Laboratories (Singapore) Pte Ltd has set up a telephone hotline to handle any enquiries related to this suspension of sales at Tel: 6277 6310 from 9am to 5pm (Monday to Sunday).

http://www.asiaone.com/Health/Weight%2Bmanagement/Story/A1Story20101011-241777.html

Why is opium in urine if I haven’t done drugs?

Why is opium in urine if I haven’t done drugs?

Another possibility is poppy seeds, many medical professionals passes it off as urban myth…
You’re telling me the poppy seeds in baked goods come from the same type of poppy used to make opium?

A: Maybe not all, but a lot of them do. Of the 90 or so species of poppy, one, Papaver somniferum, is commonly used for two things: drugs and food. In the U.S. possession of opium poppies with intent to grow more is a crime. But possession of opium poppy seed is perfectly legal–in fact, you can (or could) buy opium poppy seeds from gardening catalogs. (But God help you if you try to grow anything with them–see Michael Pollan’s scary article on this subject in the April 1997 Harper’s). So-called bread-seed poppies (P. paeoniflorum) are also legal, though botanically they’re the same as P. somniferum.

Q: You mean I could get high eating poppy seed rolls?

A: No, goofball, I said they might make you flunk a drug test. The amount of morphine and codeine in poppy seeds varies enormously. One study found that Dutch, Czech, and Turkish poppy seed contained minimal opiates, Australian seed was up there, and Spanish seed sounded like it should be sold by creepy-looking guys on street corners. But, while test volunteers who ate poppy seed products sometimes flunked urine tests, nobody really got what you could call stoned. (Possible exception: one volunteer who ate 23 grams of seeds was accused of “giggling and acting silly.”) You’re limited by the fact that the poppy seeds are usually contained in food–you get full long before you get high.

Still, if you’re desperate enough there are ways to get a buzz from poppies. In parts of England prior to World War II, tea made from boiled poppy heads was recommended as a way to cure what ails you, or at least not get overly concerned about it. Poppy tea has come back into favor among UK drug users in recent years, and some people have reportedly become addicted to the stuff. One guy boiled 14 poppy heads daily, which he obtained from florists. Another addict was a baker who each day drank two liters of tea made from four kilograms of poppy seed. His secret was discovered when he went into convulsions. Serves him right. Even the Bible warns about bad seed.

–CECIL ADAMS