Posts Tagged ‘ecofrenbeauty’

Is it safe to fly during pregnancy?

Is it safe to fly during pregnancy?

Answers from Roger W. Harms, M.D.

 

Generally, commercial air travel during pregnancy is considered safe for women who have healthy pregnancies. Still, if you’re pregnant, it’s best to check with your health care provider before you fly.

Your health care provider might caution against air travel if your pregnancy is considered high risk or you’re at risk of preterm labor. Similarly, your health care provider might restrict travel of any type after 36 weeks of pregnancy.

If your health care provider approves air travel and you have flexibility in your travel plans, the best time to fly might be in the middle of your pregnancy — about weeks 14 to 28. This is when you’re likely to feel your best, and the risks of miscarriage and premature labor are the lowest.

When you fly:

  • Check the airline’s policy about air travel during pregnancy. Guidelines for pregnant women might vary by carrier and destination.
  • Choose your seat carefully. For the most space and comfort, consider requesting an aisle seat.
  • Buckle up. During the trip, fasten the lap belt under your abdomen.
  • Promote circulation. If possible, take occasional walks up and down the aisle. If you must remain seated, flex and extend your ankles often.
  • Drink plenty of fluids. Low humidity in the cabin can lead to dehydration.

Decreased air pressure during flight can slightly reduce the amount of oxygen in your blood, but this doesn’t pose risks if you’re otherwise healthy.

Likewise, the radiation exposure associated with air travel at high altitudes isn’t thought to be problematic for most business or leisure travelers who fly during pregnancy.

There’s a caveat for frequent fliers, though.

Pilots, flight attendants and others who fly steadily might be exposed to a level of cosmic radiation that raises questions during pregnancy. If you must fly frequently during your pregnancy, discuss it with your health care provider. He or she might limit your total flight time during pregnancy.

http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/pregnancy-week-by-week/expert-answers/air-travel-during-pregnancy/faq-20058087

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The dangers of slimming pills

The dangers of slimming pills

by NAOMI COLEMAN, femail.co.uk

Would you ever consider taking diet pills to help you lose weight?

According to a femail.co.uk poll 35 per cent of people say anything is worth a go if it helps shift those extra pounds.

Another third of those taking part in the vote said they did not trust their safety while the remainder said they would only take them if they could research them thoroughly.

Diet experts warn that many people eager to shed inches are unaware that some slimming pills available can trigger serious side effects – leading to death in some cases.

Obesity, which now affects one in five adults in Britain, is a major cause of ill health. But patients taking anti-obesity pills need to be aware that they should combine any drugs with diet and exercise under strict medical supervision.

Slimming pills can be loosely divided into three groups. Licensed pharmaceutical drugs, prescribed by NHS doctors; unlicensed pharmaceutical drugs available at private slimming clinics, and natural slimming products sold over-the-counter.

Unlicensed drugs

There are only a few licensed pharmaceutical slimming drugs in Britain. This is because the Government has systematically banned certain slimming pills shown to cause side effects and in some cases death.

The move to ban some pharmaceutical slimming pills followed concerns by medics that too many unscrupulous doctors were operating outside guidelines published by the Royal College of Physicians four years ago. The report recommended tighter restrictions on slimming drugs saying they should be taken only by the seriously obese under strict supervision.

Last year a survey by Health Which? Magazine revealed that one in two private slimming clinics were handing out unlicensed obesity drugs to women who didn’t have a weight problem.

Professor Rowland Jung who runs an obesity clinic at Ninewells Hospital in Tayside, warns of the dangers of such clinics.

‘People are really desperate and flocking to private slimming practices because there are too few NHS obesity clinics,’ he says. ‘The problem is there are no licensing laws for private practices, so we don’t know if their standards are up to scratch.’

He also believes there are many other dangers involved.

‘Some clinicians are relying on drugs to lose weight when it’s actually the diet and exercise that counts too. They do not ask for the medical history of the patient, so they don’t know about the individual’s genetic health.

‘They may also be handing out combinations of drugs that might react with each other which could cause any number of side effects. Other clinicians are handing out addictive drugs such as amphetamines.’

To make matters worse, a doctor registered in the UK can prescribe an unlicensed medicine, as long as the doctor assumes personal responsibility. This means doctors can prescribe anti-obesity drugs with known side effects.

Clinically trialled drugs

At the moment there are only two licensed slimming drugs. Orlistat, which is available by prescription, and methylcellulose sold over the counter. Another drug called Sibutramine is in the pipeline.

Orlistat: Also known as Xenicol, Orlistat prevents fat from being absorbed into the blood stream. The drug has been designed to dump fat in the bowels instead. The drug is non-addictive and should be used over three months in conjunction with a fat-reduced diet.

Celevac: has methylcellulose as its active ingredient. It is claimed to reduce a person’s intake of food by producing a feeling of fullness. Methylcellulose is also licensed as a laxative.

Sibutramine: Due on the market this summer, Sibutramine which will be marketed as Reductil, works by leaving patients feeling full if they eat only a fraction of their normal intake. It increases the feeling of fullness rather than suppressing the appetite like amphetamine-based slimming pills. It also speeds up the metabolic rate. One private clinic in London is already prescribing Sibutramine to patients.

 

Banned pharmaceutical drugs

Last year the appetite suppressant phentermine marketed as Duromine and Ionamin, was officially withdrawn in Britain by the European Commission. This addictive drug, which is similar to amphetamine or speed, is linked to heart palpitations and high blood pressure and could cause damage to heart valves.

Other side-effects include restlessness, headaches, constipation and even hair loss.

A similar slimming drug, amfepramone (Tenuate Dospan, Diethylpropion) which had been the subject of fears over heart damage, was temporarily withdrawn from the British market. But following an appeal, the Medicines Control Agency has lifted the ban on these products until the European Court reaches a final decision.

Three years ago the slimming drugs dexfenfluramine and fenfluramine, also known as Adifax and Ponderax, which come from the same chemical family as phentermine were banned.

These drugs have been linked to side-effects including hallucinations and palpitations. Also primary pulmonary hypertension, a rare form of high blood pressure which can lead to heart failure.

Herbal slimming products

There are also a handful of unlicensed herbal slimming pills available over the counter at chemists. These include fibre-based tablets and natural products to supress the appetite, such as Chromium, and fat burning substances, such as Carcinia Cambogia.

Professor Jung says: ‘Many of these herbal slimming pills are a gimmick. There is no scientifically controlled evidence to prove that they work.

‘In the case of diuretics – where the body eliminates water through urine – there is no evidence that shows people can lose weight through water. People can lose too much water and this can cause the kidney to shut down.

‘Too many laxatives – chemicals that stimulate bowel movement – can lead to bowel disease. The bacteria in the gut changes and fails to protect the gut walls.’

• If you suffer from an obesity problem, contact your local GP who will refer you to an NHS obesity clinic. For more information, visit http://www.tayendoweb-co.uk.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-27531/The-dangers-slimming-pills.html

Quotes on mental illness

“Alcohol ruined me financially and morally, broke my heart and the hearts of too many others. Even though it did this to me and it almost killed me and I haven’t touched a drop of it in seventeen years, sometimes I wonder if I could get away with drinking some now. I totally subscribe to the notion that alcoholism is a mental illness because thinking like that is clearly insane.”
Craig Ferguson, American on Purpose: The Improbable Adventures of an Unlikely Patriot
 
“Suicide is a form of murder— premeditated murder. It isn’t something you do the first time you think of doing it. It takes some getting used to. And you need the means, the opportunity, the motive. A successful suicide demands good organization and a cool head, both of which are usually incompatible with the suicidal state of mind.It’s important to cultivate detachment. One way to do this is to practice imagining yourself dead, or in the process of dying. If there’s a window, you must imagine your body falling out the window. If there’s a knife, you must imagine the knife piercing your skin. If there’s a train coming, you must imagine your torso flattened under its wheels. These exercises are necessary to achieving the proper distance.The debate was wearing me out. Once you’ve posed that question, it won’t go away. I think many people kill themselves simply to stop the debate about whether they will or they won’t. Anything I thought or did was immediately drawn into the debate. Made a stupid remark—why not kill myself? Missed the bus—better put an end to it all. Even the good got in there. I liked that movie—maybe I shouldn’t kill myself.In reality, it was only part of myself I wanted to kill: the part that wanted to kill herself, that dragged me into the suicide debate and made every window, kitchen implement, and subway station a rehearsal for tragedy.”
Susanna Kaysen
 
“Our society tends to regard as a sickness any mode of thought or behavior that is inconvenient for the system and this is plausible because when an individual doesn’t fit into the system it causes pain to the individual as well as problems for the system. Thus the manipulation of an individual to adjust him to the system is seen as a cure for a sickness and therefore as good.”
Theodore Kaczynski
 
“Between 10 and 20 percent of people with anorexia die from heart attacks, other complications and suicide; the disease has the highest mortality rate of any mental illness. Or Kitty could have lost her life in a different way, lost it to the roller coaster of relapse and recovery, inpatient and outpatient, that eats up, on average, five to seven years. Or a lifetime: only half of all anorexics recovery in the end. The other half endure lives of dysfunction and despair. Friends and families give up on them. Doctors dread treating them. They’re left to stand in the bakery with the voice ringing in their ears, alone in every way that matters.”
Harriet Brown
 
“The word is dissociate. There is no ‘a’ before the invariably say dis-a-ssociate, which, if you’re suffering Disso-ciative Identity Disorder/Multiple Personality Disorder, can be irritating. People then want to know how many personalities I have and the answer is: I don’t know. The first book about Multiple Personality Disorder to make an impact was Flora Rheta Schreiber’s Sybil, published in 1973, which carries the subtitle: The True and Extraordinary Story of a Woman Possessed by Sixteen Separate Personalities. Corbett H. Thigpen and Hervey M. Cleckley published the controversial The Three Faces of Eve much earlier in 1957, and Pete Townshend from The Who wrote the song ‘Four Faces’. People seem to feel safe with numbers.
The truth is more complicated. The kids emerged over time. Billy, the boisterous five-year-old, was at first the most dominant. But he slowly stood aside for JJ, the self-confident ten-year-old who appears when Alice is under stress and handles complicated situations like travelling on the Underground and meeting new people. The first entity to visit was the external voice of the Professor. But he had a choir of accomplices without names. So, how many actual alter personalities are there? I would than fifteen and less than thirty, a combination of protectors, persecutors and friends – my own family tree.”
Alice Jamieson, Today I’m Alice: Nine Personalities, One Tortured Mind
 
“Some people think mental illness is a matter of mood, a matter of personality. They think depression is simply a form of being sad, that OCD is a form of being uptight. They think the soul is sick, not the body. It is, they believe, something that you have some choice over.I know how wrong this is.When I was a child, I didn’t understand. I would wake up in a new body and wouldn’t comprehend why things felt muted, dimmer. Or the opposite–I’d be supercharged, unfocused, like a radio at top volume flipping quickly from station to station. Since I didn’t have access to the body’s emotions, I assumed the ones I was feeling were my own. Eventually, though, I realized these inclinations, these compulsions, were as much a part of the body as its eye color or its voice. Yes, the feelings themselves were intangible, amorphous, but the cause of the feelings was a matter of chemistry, biology.It is a hard cycle to conquer. The body is working against you. And because of this, you feel even more despair. Which only amplifies the imbalance. It takes uncommon strength to live with these things. But I have seen that strength over and over again.”
David Levithan, Every Day

SmartSift Litterbox

 SmartSift Litterbox

Eat only 60% full for long life and health

2011-04-26

Eat only 60% full for long life and health

Studies as well as anecdotal accounts have shown that eating less leads to a longer life and a healthier life. So don’t eat till you fell “full” but stop about 40% before that. Of course one cannot try to split hair and attempt to eat exactly 60% from full. Approximate will do. Read the rest below:

What’s wrong with eating too full?

Don’t overeat and don’t encourage your family members and friends to overeat – unless you wish to shorten their healthy living and perhaps die younger!

An interesting article about eating too full….
In Today’s Dr Lee Newsletter Issue:
“What’s wrong with eating too full?”

“The more you eat, the sooner you die. The lesser you eat, the longer you live.” This is what Dr Lee always says in his health talk. He also mentions, “Eating too full causes all sort of health problems such as hypertension, diabetes, stroke, etc.”

Why eating too full is so harmful to your health? What can you do about it?

Mice experiment

To see how eating habit affects life span, a professor from University of Texas did an experiment on mice.

For the first group of 100 mice, he let them eat without any restriction, just like a buffet meal. The second group was fed only 60% full. And the third group was given food without restriction too. But this time, he reduced protein content to half. After 2.5 years, guess how many mice were still alive out of 100?

* First group (eat without restriction) – only 13 mice was alive. Opsss…
* Second group (eat 60% full) – 97 mice was still alive. Only 3 mice died.
* Third group (eat without restriction with protein cut half) – 50 mice still alive.

What can we learn from these results?

Firstly, eating too full is really harmful to your body. Secondly, eat 60% full if you want to live longer and healthier. Thirdly, taking too much protein is harmful to your body too. We don’t need so much protein after all.

Overworking body

Imagine having a small family car. Instead of using it for short travel between home and office, you use it for long distance travel between different cities every day. Instead of using it 1 hour a day, you use it for 10 hours a day. Instead of driving at 70 km/h, you always speed up to 170 km/h, hitting engine’s red line.

Can you estimate your car life span? Do you expect having various problems with your car after a short time?

Driving your car at high speed for a long time is like always eating too full. You force your body to always work at its red line.

Do you know digestion is the most demanding work for your body? Think about the organs involved such as your mouth, stomach, liver, pancreas, duodenum and intestine. Think about the length of digestive tract from your mouth to intestine.

Eating too full zaps up much of your body energy for digestion. Otherwise, this energy may be used for other purpose such as enhancing your immune system.

Do you realize you become very tired easily after a big meal? That is the sign of your body working hard to digest all the food you take in.

If you eat an extra bowl of noodle, your pancreas has to produce extra insulin hormone to process the extra carbohydrates you take.

Your liver, stomach and intestine also have to produce extra enzymes to digest and process specific nutrients from that bowl of noodle.

Therefore the more you eat, the harder your body has to work to process it. Of course, we must eat to survive. But we don’t have to eat that much!

If you drive your car slowly and handle it gently, you can use it for a long time. But if you always floor the accelerator and drive like a rally driver, you know the consequence on your car life span.

Side effect of eating

Your car engine burns fuel to move your car and bring you to anywhere you like to go. As a result, the engine produces exhaust smoke which is toxic. It must be dispersed out from your car. Similarly, your body cell burns nutrient for energy to survive. In the process, it produces free radicals. Since free radical is toxic to your body, it has to be neutralized and expelled.

“Just metabolizing food especially fatty and carbohydrate-rich fare causes the body to produce free radicals, which attack cells and can promote the development of chronic conditions including heart disease, diabetes and cancer,” says Ronald L. Prior, Ph.D.

Of course, your body can control free radicals in small quantity. But the more you eat, the more free radicals your body produces. Without adequate control, these free radicals easily attack your body cells and eventually cause all sort of diseases.

Good eating habit

After knowing the harmful effect of eating too full, what’s your choice? Do you want to live longer, just like the second group mice in the experiment? Or do you want to risk ending your life earlier, just like the first group mice? If you wish to live longer, here are some tips you can follow:

1.. Always eat until 70% full. Do not exceed 80% full. You may want to stop eating when you feel slightly full.

2. Avoid having buffet style meal which makes it harder to control how much you eat. Instead, prepare the food you want to eat in a plate. After finishing it, don’t add anymore food.

3. Leaving the dining table earlier may prevent you from picking some extra food to eat.

4. It is always a good idea to prepare lesser food in the first place. Some people are afraid of having not enough food for everyone. Actually, lesser food is beneficial for everyone..In a restaurant, order in small amount first. You can always add in some extra order if necessary. But if you can get by with the original smaller order, that’s great.

Remember this: You have higher chance of overeating if you serve more food on the table. You have better chance of not overeating if you serve less food
5. Avoid stuffing your fridge with ice cream, chocolate or other dessert. You cannot eat what you do not have.

6. When someone prepares a big plate of food for you, look at it first. Ask yourself, “Do I want to stuff it all into my stomach?”

If your answer is no, just put aside some food to another empty plate first. After finishing your food, look back at the extra food on that new plate. Say to yourself, “Phew! Luckily I didn’t stuff that portion into my stomach.”

7. When you get too hungry before your meal time, just take some fruit instead of heavy meal. The tendency to overeat is very high for modern people. Do you know most monks only eat twice a day?

They wake up at 4am, meditate and say their prayer. Later they have their simple breakfast at 7am. Before 12pm, they have their lunch. That’s all for them. They eat no more after that. No tea break. No dinner. No supper. They still look strong and energetic.

Of course, we don’t have to eat like them. But it reminds us we can eat less and stay healthy. So remember to eat only 70% full if you want to stay healthy.

Women Tolerate Pain Better than Men

Women Tolerate Pain Better than Men

May 19, 2003

By Colette Bouchez, HealthScoutNews Reporter

HealthScoutNews — She gets a tooth pulled, then drives herself home, makes dinner for four, does the laundry and helps the kids with their homework.

He gets a tooth pulled and his universe slams to a halt, as he waits for the pain to go away.

Caricatures? Sure. But the debate over who can really stand more pain has been one of the more interesting battles of the sexes, spanning generations.

Now, however, new research is bringing that battle into a whole new arena, with strong evidence that the traditionally “weaker” sex may be hardier after all.

“I think men have always secretly suspected that in order to go through childbirth a woman has to be pretty tough. Now we have some new science to back up the idea that women may be better able to cope with pain than men — at least during certain periods of their life,” says Dr. James N. Dillard, author of the The Chronic Pain Solution and an assistant clinical professor at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City.

The secret weapon? Estrogen. Produced by the ovaries in peak amounts during the reproductive years, and in lesser amounts later in life, the hormone’s influence may extend far beyond a woman’s reproductive tract. Its powers may reach straight to the pain centers of the brain.

“Although pain is influenced by many factors, it’s clear that estrogen plays an important role in the individual response,” says Dr. Jon-Kar Zubieta, a neuroscientist at the University of Michigan who has published several studies investigating links between sex hormones and pain.

One way estrogen helps women to cope with pain, he says, is by increasing the availability of endorphins — brain chemicals that help dampen the pain response.

When estrogen levels are high, there’s an increased number of areas in the brain where endorphins can “park.” The more “parking places” available, Zubieta says, the more endorphins there are on call, waiting to flood the body with “feel good” chemicals capable of overriding pain signals.

“That’s one reason why women can get through the pain of childbirth — right before they give birth, their estrogen levels are soaring, so their ability to cope with pain is expanded,” Zubieta says.

Conversely, studies show this same level of pain protection may drop precipitously the closer a woman gets to menopause, a time when estrogen levels can plummet. That fact, says Dillard, may be one reason why so many women begin to feel more aches and pains as they cross the threshold into mid-life.

“It’s not that they are experiencing more things going wrong with their body, as much as they are experiencing a level of pain they were not feeling before,” Dillard explains.

As far back as 1993, an animal study published in the journal Pain found that when their ovaries were intact, female rats were far less likely to experience pain than when the ovaries were removed. More recently, studies conducted at the University of Massachusetts revealed that women may have more muscle endurance during exercise than men, thanks again to estrogen, which works to reduce soreness and pain after exertion.

Research also shows testosterone levels make little difference in how male rats experience pain, indicating this hormone may not have the same effect on men as estrogen does on women.

But when it comes to perceiving pain, it’s not just hormones that matter. Dillard says social and cultural conditioning matters as well.

“We know that pain pathways go directly into the primitive emotional parts of the brain — the limbic system. But the degree to which you react to that pain is culturally learned,” says Dillard.

What can also matter: Previous experience with pain.

Because women are preconditioned to at least some degree of monthly menstrual pain, not to mention a pretty hefty level of discomfort during childbirth, Dillard suspects they may react with less alarm when other types of pain occur. And this, he says, may make a big difference when it comes time to have that tooth pulled.

“Research has shown that the more upset somebody is about pain — man or woman — the more they tend to amplify pain signals and the worse the pain feels,” Dillard says. “So, if a woman is used to pain, she will be less alarmed by pain signals, and that leads to better tolerance.”

The study of gender-based pain is still in its infancy. And while it’s beginning to appear as if women may have some biochemical advantages, ironically, women are also more likely to suffer from pain syndrome illnesses — conditions such as fibromyalgia, lupus, multiple sclerosis and migraine headaches.

http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/6005/women_tolerate_pain_better_than_men/

Child support

John finally found the nerve to tell his fiancée that he had to break off their engagement so he could marry another woman.

“Can she cook like I can?” the distraught woman asked between sobs.

“Not on her best day,” he replied.

“Can she buy you expensive gifts like I do?” she asked.

“No, she’s broke,” he said.

“Well, then, is it sex?” she inquired.

“Nobody does it like you, babe!” he replied.

“Then what can she do that I can’t?” the woman tearfully asked.

“Sue me for child support!!”