Posts Tagged ‘ecofren’love’

Is it safe to fly during pregnancy?

Is it safe to fly during pregnancy?

Answers from Roger W. Harms, M.D.

 

Generally, commercial air travel during pregnancy is considered safe for women who have healthy pregnancies. Still, if you’re pregnant, it’s best to check with your health care provider before you fly.

Your health care provider might caution against air travel if your pregnancy is considered high risk or you’re at risk of preterm labor. Similarly, your health care provider might restrict travel of any type after 36 weeks of pregnancy.

If your health care provider approves air travel and you have flexibility in your travel plans, the best time to fly might be in the middle of your pregnancy — about weeks 14 to 28. This is when you’re likely to feel your best, and the risks of miscarriage and premature labor are the lowest.

When you fly:

  • Check the airline’s policy about air travel during pregnancy. Guidelines for pregnant women might vary by carrier and destination.
  • Choose your seat carefully. For the most space and comfort, consider requesting an aisle seat.
  • Buckle up. During the trip, fasten the lap belt under your abdomen.
  • Promote circulation. If possible, take occasional walks up and down the aisle. If you must remain seated, flex and extend your ankles often.
  • Drink plenty of fluids. Low humidity in the cabin can lead to dehydration.

Decreased air pressure during flight can slightly reduce the amount of oxygen in your blood, but this doesn’t pose risks if you’re otherwise healthy.

Likewise, the radiation exposure associated with air travel at high altitudes isn’t thought to be problematic for most business or leisure travelers who fly during pregnancy.

There’s a caveat for frequent fliers, though.

Pilots, flight attendants and others who fly steadily might be exposed to a level of cosmic radiation that raises questions during pregnancy. If you must fly frequently during your pregnancy, discuss it with your health care provider. He or she might limit your total flight time during pregnancy.

http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/pregnancy-week-by-week/expert-answers/air-travel-during-pregnancy/faq-20058087

Hepatitis C linked to tattoo ink

Hepatitis C linked to tattoo ink

Researchers are hoping that people will do some research about where to get a tattoo, after a study found a link between body art and hepatitis C.

The new study found that people with the virus were almost four times more likely to report having a tattoo, even when other major risk factors were taken into account, co-author Dr. Fritz Francois of New York University Langone Medical Center told Reuters Health.

Although the study could not prove a direct cause and effect, “Tattooing in and of itself may pose a risk for this disease that can lay dormant for many, many years,” Francois said.

About 3.2 million people in the U.S. have hepatitis C, and many don’t know because they don’t feel ill, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Hepatitis C is the leading cause of liver cancer and most common reason for liver transplants in the U.S. Some 70 percent of people infected will develop chronic liver disease, and up to 5 percent will die from cirrhosis or liver cancer.

For the current study, researchers asked almost 2,000 people about their tattoos and hepatitis status, among other questions, at outpatient clinics at three New York area hospitals between 2004 and 2006.

Researchers found that 34 percent of people with hepatitis C had a tattoo, compared to 12 percent of people without the infection.

The most common routes of contracting hepatitis C, a blood-borne disease, are through a blood transfusion before 1992 or a history of injected drug use. Injected drug use accounts for 60 percent of new hepatitis cases every year, but 20 percent of cases have no history of injected drug use or other exposure, according to the CDC.

Francois and his colleagues only included people with hepatitis C who did not contract it from these two other common sources.

After accounting for other risk factors, the difference between people with and without hepatitis was even greater, with four times as many tattoos in the infected group than for uninfected people, according to results published in the journal Hepatology.

“This is not a big surprise to me,” Dr. John Levey, clinical chief of gastroenterology at the University of Massachusetts Medical School in Worcester, told Reuters Health. Earlier studies had found a link, but they were small and had not taken other risk factors into account as well as this new one did.

“This was one of the stragglers, and now we finally have some numbers for it,” said Levey, who was not involved in the study.

Still, the CDC’s Dr. Scott Holmberg said the link may not be quite as strong as the findings suggest, because some people who had used illegal drugs probably would not admit it, even on an anonymous questionnaire. And the researchers didn’t rule out people who contracted hepatitis before getting their tattoo.

What to look for in a tattoo parlor

Holmberg, of the CDC’s viral hepatitis division, recommends people only have tattoos or piercings done by trained professionals.

“In the U.S., there have been no reports of hepatitis C outbreaks linked to professional tattoo parlors,” told Reuters Health by email.

In 2012, 1 in 5 people reported having at least 1 tattoo, according to a Harris poll.

“There are very reputable places that use appropriate standards,” said Francois. Tattoo parlors are not federally regulated, and standards vary by state and region, so it’s up to the consumer to do their homework, he said.

The Alliance for Professional Tattooists recommend finding a tattoo artist who wears disposable gloves, a clean work space without blood spatters and single-use disposable needle kits.

Levey said he wouldn’t prevent his two adult daughters from getting tattoos, but he would make sure they were aware of the hepatitis C risk first.

“A lot of their friends have tattoos, it’s the cool thing to do,” he said. “They’re adults, they can make their own decisions. But I’d mention this to them, because the long-term consequences of hepatitis C are so serious.”

 

SWEET POTATO (Kamote)

SWEET POTATO (Kamote) far exceeds the nutrition and health values of rice.
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Here are the benefits of substituting rice with kamote:

 

    1. Sweet potato is more filling and suppresses hunger pangs longer. It is also cheaper than rice.

 

    1. Unlike rice, it is  easy to grow. It grows in backyards with or without fertilizers. Local government executives can provide their poor communities with idle government land for planting kamote which the entire community can share.

 

    1. Unlike rice which needs to be eaten with a dish, Sweet Potato tastes good and can be eaten by itself. Thus, substituting rice with sweet potato saves money for other needs.

 

    1. Rice cannot match the nutritional values of potato. Because rice converts to sugar in the body, the Philippines registers as a top producer of diabetics in the world. The poor tends to load up on rice and less on the dish which are more expensive. That makes them vulnerable to diabetes, an ailment known in developed countries as a rich man’s disease.

 

    1. The nutritional values of a 3 oz. baked sweet potato are: calories 90, fat 0 g, saturated fat 0 g, cholesterol 0 mg, carbohydrate 21 g, protein 2 g, dietary fiber 3 g, sodium 36 mg

 

    1. Too much rice consumption can make you sick, but sweet potato (kamote) can bring you to health and keep away some health problems. These have been proved medically.

 
Sweet Potato (kamote) lowers hypertension, bad cholesterol and even blood sugar when eaten as as a substitute to rice! The purple sweet potato (kamote) is particularly effective for lowering hypertension.

The Korean medical documentary credits the sweet potato (kamote) as high fiber and is one of the best foods that one can eat to prevent cancer!

I love tomatoes

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Tomato is a fruit that is also considered a vegetable and is extensively used in making a wide variety of dishes. It is used in vegetarian as well as non-vegetarian dishes all over the world and also for snacks on a regular basis. It is famous for being used in pizzas, sandwiches and cocktails too. This widely used fruit has many nutritional benefits in addition to its preference in many cultures.

http://www.stylecraze.com/articles/amazing-benefits-of-tomatoes/

 

It belongs to the nightshade family of vegetables and its cultivation has been dominant in ancient Spain since the Aztecs. It was introduced to the world by Spanish wanderers and it has since gained massive popularity across all regions of the world.

Health Benefits Of Tomatoes:

1. Filling Food:

tomato-hair-benefits

As Tomatoes have high water content, they work perfect as filling food. Tomatoes, with its water content moisturises our skin and keeps it healthy and shiny. This is makes this one of the main benefits of tomato.

2. Complete Vitamins & Nutritional content:

It provides almost 20 percent of the daily vitamin intake required, per serving, which is necessary for maintaining good health. It is also known to have all the positive nutrients needed for proper functioning of the human body according to USDA. This is also one of the major tomato benefits.

3. Controls Heart rate:

Being rich in potassium content, it gives about 237 mg of potassium which is useful for controlling heart rate and is helpful in preventing heart diseases and strokes.

 

The vitamins such as vitamin A, flavonoid B complex, thiamine, folates, niacin etc. are also present in tomatoes that help cure skin and eye diseases.

5.  High Blood Pressure:

Tomatoes, with a powerful punch of minerals and nutrients also help in safeguarding our body from High Blood Pressure and High Cholesterol.

5. Good for Bones and Teeth:

 

Being rich in Calcium, it tends to improve bone strength and bone formation in the body. It is also beneficial in maintaining the teeth in healthy state.

7. Free Radicals curbed:

Some of its flavonoid antioxidants, such as lycopene and zea-xanthin are best known to health specialists for their anti-free radical behaviour.

8. Anti Cancerous:

The antioxidant behaviour of this vegetable also helps to prevent many unwanted reactions in the lungs, colon and breasts that can tend to be cancerous. The antioxidants help in the treatment of cancer by preventing carcinogenic reactions in the body which stop by blocking free radicals from proceeding further.

9. Cell Repair and Muscle Building:

It is a naturally rich source of protein, which is good for cell repair and muscle building.

10. Less Fat content:

Other basic nutrients include 4 grams of carbohydrates, 1 gram of protein, 18 calories and 0 grams of saturated fat. This vegetable can be eaten in good amounts due to the lower rate of calories in tomato.

Tomato: Skin Benefits

Besides cooking, tomato can be used in a number of ways to enhance your beauty. It is considered to be the panacea of skin. It is believed that consuming tomato and tomato products will give you a healthy and beautiful skin. Its beauty benefits are gaining popularity with every passing day.

Some of them are:

11. Tomato is highly effective for treating open pores.  Add four drops of tomato juice to 1 tablespoon of water and apply it on your face with the help of a cotton ball. Gently massage your skin with this mixture and leave it on for 15 minutes. Regular application of this will shrink the pore size.

12. Tomatoes are not just an important part of a healthy diet but also work wonders when applied topically on the skin. Applying tomato juice or rubbing tomato halves on the skin evens out the skin and revives the glow giving you a healthy looking skin. It contains high amount of Vitamin C which is known to brighten skin.

13. Tomato seed oil is the newest addition to the line of natural carrier oils and is excellent for treating several skin conditions.  These are packed with a substance that fights free radicals and signs of ageing.  Tomato seed oil is used for the treatment of mild to severe skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis. It is also helpful in treating dry and damaged skin. Use a moderate quantity of oil to massage the affected areas of your skin. Leave it overnight and wash it off the next day. You can also add this oil to your facial creams, moisturizer and scrubs, to keep the skin soft and smooth.

14. Vitamin A and C are commonly found in many acne treating medicines and ointments. The high acidic content in tomatoes helps to treat rashes and acne.  If you are suffering from tiny zits on your face, then cut the tomato in two halves and apply the inside of it on your face. If you suffer from severe acne problems then peel a fresh tomato and mash it. Apply this pulp on your face and leave it for an hour. Rinse it off and pat dry. Use this pack regularly to get rid of tan and pimples.

15. Excess sebum production leads to clogging of pores that leads to pimples, dirt build up and uneven skin tone. Squeeze juice of 2 tomatoes and add 4 tablespoons of cucumber juice to it. Apply this homemade toner to your face daily with the help of a cotton ball to control excess oil and shine and to unclog the pores.

16. Tomatoes and its products enable the skin to take oxygen in and prevent the signs of ageing. It provides an amazing natural skin treatment which can make the skin look younger and healthy with less effort.

17. According to various studies, tomato contains an antioxidant called lycopene which acts as a natural sunscreen. This provides the skin protection from harsh UV rays.

18. Tomato extract is often used in luxurious body massage oils to combat visible sign of stress on the skin.  Tomato extract is also used in eye creams, which, along with other essential ingredients, leaves the eyes looking fresh and revitalized.

19. The astringent properties of tomato make it an excellent choice for combination skin. A pack made from mashed avocados and tomatoes soothes the skin and cleanses it thoroughly to give you a glowing complexion.  Apply this face pack and wash it off with lukewarm water after 20 to 30 minutes. Tomato contains natural oil reducing and astringent properties while avocado provides antiseptic and moisturizing effect to the skin.

20. Consumption of at least 16 milligrams of lycopene every day reduces the amount of free radicals in the body to give you a youthful kin. It fights cellular damage and reddening of the skin and also retains the moisture, thus preventing fine lines and wrinkles. This property of tomato makes it an amazing anti -ageing product.

21. Tomato is considered as a natural bleaching agent and is very helpful in lightening the skin tone. Prepare a face pack by mixing 1 teaspoon of oatmeal, 1 teaspoon of yoghurt and 2 teaspoon of tomato pulp. Apply it on the face and neck and leave it for 20 minutes.  Oatmeal will gently exfoliate the skin, while yoghurt and tomato will help to clear the blemishes. This improves the complexion.

22. According to Prevention Magazine, people who consumed 5 tablespoon of tomato paste daily for 3 consecutive months were naturally protected against sun burn. Sun burnt skin can also be treated by applying tomato on the affected parts. Make a pack by mixing 2 teaspoons of tomato pulp with 1 teaspoon of yoghurt.  Apply this on the face, neck, hands and feet. Tomato cools the skin while yoghurt provides a protein boost to make the skin soft and supple.

23. Mix honey with tomato juice to make a thick paste. Apply it on the face and wash it off after 15 minutes to get a smooth and glowing skin.

24. Tomatoes can greatly help you to remove dead skin cells. Grind tomatoes in a mixer with the seeds and add 1 teaspoon of sugar to it. Apply it on the face and massage gently in circular motion. You can also cut 1 tomato into 2 halves and sprinkle some sugar on it. Gently scrub your skin with it to do away with dead skin cells and get a clean and fresh looking skin.

Tomato: Hair Benefits:

You must have noticed that many hair care products including shampoos and conditioners contain tomato extract as one of the ingredients. This is because tomato contains important nutrients like Vitamin A, B C and E, which are excellent stimulants for healthy hair. Some of the benefits of tomatoes for hair include these below.

25. Tomatoes are considered to be an excellent cure for hair loss. It is believed that application of tomato pulp on scalp can prevent hair loss.

26. Tomatoes are amazing natural conditioners coming straight from your kitchen.  It provides natural shine to the hair and makes it soft and manageable.  Take a few drops of oil in your hand and apply it on your hair. This will act as a leave-in conditioner and will keep the hair manageable and frizz free.

27. Pure, homemade tomato puree can help in bringing radiance and elasticity to dry hair. Mix tomato puree with oil and apply it on the hair.  Leave it for 20 minutes and then wash it off.  This will make the hair super smooth, shiny and flexible as it contains high amounts of protein in it.

28. Regular swimming often changes the colour of the hair due to the high amount of chlorine present in the pool water. Tomato can be a great help to remove the stains from the hair.  Apply pure tomato juice to the hair and leave it for 20 minutes. Rinse it off with water, followed by shampoo and conditioning.

29. Tomato juice also acts as a soaking agent to remove odours. Apply freshly squeezed tomato juice on the scalp and massage your hair with it for a few minutes.  Leave it for 30 minutes and then wash it off as usual.

30. Moisture often escapes from the scalp during winters, making the hair strands dry and brittle, leading to breakage.  So make sure to keep your hair replenished with the help of tomatoes. Tomatoes help to lock the much needed moisture in the hair to prevent it from dry.

31. Tomatoes are very useful for curing itchy scalp and dandruff. Itchy scalp and dandruff leads to other scalp problems, like eczema and scalp psoriasis.  Tomato contains high amount of Vitamin C which fights dandruff and provides collagen for proper tissue development of the scalp. Take 2 to 3 ripe tomatoes and make a thick pulp out of it. Add 2 table spoon of lemon juice to it and mix well to form a smooth paste. Apply the pack gently on the scalp. Do not scratch the scalp with nails. Apply it properly on the scalp and leave it for 30 minutes. Rinse your hair with water and let it dry.

32. Tomato hair rinse can be used to impart shine and remove excess build up from the scalp. Take 3 ripe tomatoes, remove the skin and seeds and squeeze the juice out of it. Spray it on your hair and scalp and wash it off after 1 hour.

Selection and Storage:

Tomatoes are available all year round in both fresh and preserved form. There are thousands of varieties of tomatoes which are available in various shapes, sizes and colors. Two common shapes of tomatoes are round or pear shaped and cherry sized.  Select tomatoes that are rich in color like deep red, vibrant oranges or tangerines. Tomatoes are also available in yellow and purple colors but these are less acidic and thus don’t have much flavour.  They should be well shaped, devoid of any dent, cracks or bruises. The skin should be taut and not shriveled or wrinkled.  Fresh and ripe tomato yield to slight pressure and emit a sweet fragrance.

Tomatoes are quite sensitive to cold as it can impede its ripening process and even nullify its flavour.  So store them at room temperature, away from direct sunlight and consume it as early as possible.  Purchase tomatoes that ripen in the vine, as the sugars, acidic and aroma compounds remain intact in vine ripened tomatoes. Avoid buying tomatoes that are over ripe and soft.

If by mistake you have bought slightly unripe tomatoes, then wrap them in a paper bag with banana or apples and leave overnight.  Ethylene gas emitted by these fruits will speed up the ripening process.  Place them in the refrigerator after they are fully ripe, where they will stay fresh for 2 to 3 more days. Take them out from refrigerator at least 30 minutes before using them as this will enhance their flavour and juiciness. While purchasing tomato ketchup, purchase only organic ketchup to avoid unwanted pesticides residue and other contaminants. Overripe tomatoes are easily perishable and should be ideally stored in the refrigerator.

The high acidic content of the tomato is the prime reason that tomatoes are re-canned more than any other fruit or vegetable. Canned tomatoes come in many varieties like whole, chopped, crushed, and pureed and sauce like. Unopened canned tomatoes can be consumed within 6 months while opened tomatoes should be consumed within a week.

You can also freeze the tomatoes if you have excess of it. Freezing will not alter the flavour or texture of the tomatoes. All you need to do is wash it thoroughly and leave it to dry. Place the tomatoes on a zip lock pouch and suck out the air with a straw. When required, remove from the bag and thaw to remove the skin.

Usage:

There is no dearth of uses of this versatile ‘vegetable’. Tomatoes are used extensively in cooking and are a staple in our Indian cuisine. Tomatoes are mixed with other ingredients to enhance the flavour of the dish. Green tomatoes are used to prepare chutneys and pickles in our cuisine.

Tomato juice is gaining immense popularity as a popular health drink.  Opt for organic tomato juice as it contains 3 times more lycopene than the regular ones.

Regular tomatoes, mainly cherry tomatoes are used in the preparation of salads and sandwiches.

You can also stew tomatoes to prepare tomato soup, sauce, and other baked dishes. Homemade tomato sauce is way better that those available in the market.

Tomato Nutrition facts (USDA):

Principle

Nutrient Value

Percentage of RDA

Energy 18 Kcal 1%
Carbohydrates 3.9 g 3%
Protein 0.9 g 1.6%
Total Fat 0.2 g 0.7%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Dietary Fiber 1.2 g 3%

Vitamins

   
Folates 15 µg 4%
Niacin 0.594 mg 4%
Pyridoxine 0.080 mg 6%
Thiamin 0.037 mg 3%
Vitamin A 833 IU 28%
Vitamin C 13 mg 21.5%
Vitamin E 0.54 mg 4%
Vitamin K 7.9 µg 6.5%

Electrolytes

   
Sodium 5 mg >1%
Potassium 237 mg 5%

Minerals

   
Calcium 10 mg 1%
Iron 0.3 mg 4%
Magnesium 11 mg 3%
Manganese 0.15 mg 6.5%
Phosphorus 24 mg 3%
Zinc 0.17 mg 1.5%

Phyto-nutrients

   
Carotene-ß 449 µg
Carotene-α 101 µg
Lutein-zeaxanthin 123 µg
Lycopene 2573 µg

 120906_tomatoes_2

According to USDA reports, this vegetable contains all the necessary nutrients for a human body.

  • It provides almost 20 percent of the vitamin intake necessary per serving.
  • Its potassium rich content gives about 237 mg of potassium which is useful for controlling heart rate and cell damage.
  • The vitamins such as Vitamin A, flavonoid B complex, thiamine, folates, niacin etc. are also present in tomatoes.
  • Other basic nutrients include 4 grams of carbohydrates, 1 gram of protein, 18 calories and 0 grams of saturated fat.

Include this wonder vegetable in dishes, sauces, pickles, puree’s etc. to avail its benefits and fulfil your body’s nutrient intake. Tomatoes are easily available in your local market, so go grab one right away. It is but obvious by now that the tomato health benefits are numerous!

sweet cherry

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Electronic Pest Control Devices

Electronic Pest Control Devices

Numerous electronic pest control devices are readily available in Alaska and just about every where. They are advertised on late night television “infomercials”, through mail order catalogs, and on the internet. Hardware stores and garden centers usually stock some sort of electronic device advertised to repel a variety of pests. Although these devices have been around for at least 20 years, they have only recently become popular and widely advertised, probably due to their environmentally friendly claims. There is a wide range of opinion about these devices, some people claim that they work for them, others claim they are not effective at all. While electronic pest control devices remain a controversial topic, there has never been any scientific evidence proving them as effective. Since these devices are not regulated under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), the EPA does not require the same kind of efficacy testing that it does for chemical pesticides. Adequate testing for adverse health effects as well as performance data for these devices are seriously lacking.

Types of Devices
There are basically two types of electronic pest control devices widely available, these are Ultrasonic and Electromagnetic.

 

Ultrasonic devices operate by emitting short wavelength, high frequency sound waves too high in pitch to be heard by the human ear ? that is, all frequencies greater than 20,000 Hz. Humans can hear frequencies from 20 to 20,000 Hz but as we age, we become less sensitive to the higher frequencies. (Long wavelength, low frequencies ? below 20 Hz ? are called infrasound and are also inaudible to humans.) Although it’s implied that ultrasound has special properties that make it more repellent than audible sound, there’s no evidence to support this.

 

We can’t hear ultrasound because our eardrums can’t vibrate fast enough, but some animals such as dogs, bats and rodents can hear well into the ultrasonic range. Some insects, such as grasshoppers and locusts can detect frequencies from 50,000Hz to 100,000 Hz, and moths and lacewings can detect ultrasounds as high as 240,000 Hz produced by insect-hunting bats.

 

Insects detect sound by special hairs or sensilla located on the antennae (mosquitoes) or genitalia (cockroaches), or by more complicated tympanal organs (grasshoppers, locusts, moths and butterflies).

 

But just because they can detect ultrasonic waves doesn’t mean that they’re controlled or repelled by it.

 

Cockroaches, for instance, initially respond by moving about a bit more than usual, but don’t appear overly eager to escape from the sound waves. This includes devices that emit uniform frequency as well as changing frequencies of ultrasound. Rodents adjust to the ultrasound (or any new sound) and eventually ignore it. At best, ultrasonic waves have only a partial or temporary effect on rodents. Numerous studies have rejected ultrasonic sound as a practical means of rodent control.

 

Ultrasound has not been shown to drive rodents from buildings or areas, nor has it been proven to cause above normal mortality in rodent populations. Some people that have used them claim that they work for them, so we cannot rightfully say that should never be used, but the evidence points toward these devices not being worth the money, time or effort.

 

Tests of commercial ultrasonic devices have indicated that rodents may be repelled from the immediate area of the ultrasound device for a few minutes to a few days, but they will nearly always return and resume normal activities. Other tests have shown that the degree of repellence depends on the frequency, intensity, and the pre-existing condition of the rodent infestation. The intensity of such sounds must be so great that damage to humans or domestic animals would also be likely. Commercial ultrasonic pest control devices do not produce sounds of such intensity.

 

Electromagnetic pest repelling devices claim to alter the electromagnetic (EM) field of your household wiring to turn your whole home into a giant pest repeller, driving all pests out of the walls of your home. One such device called Pest Offense® is widely advertised on late night television using pseudoscientific jargon and scare tactics, such as reading the warning labels from pesticide containers which were obviously selected from agricultural chemicals, not household pesticides available to the general public.

 

Electromagnetic fields are present in every appliance that operates on electricity. When an appliance is switched on, a very weak electromagnetic (EM) field develops around the current-carrying wiring in your home.

 

An Australian test lab looked at the electronics of one of these devices. When plugged in, it generates a pulse in the electrical current (which also makes the little indicator light switch on and off). This causes the electrical current in the house wiring to fluctuate, which in turn makes the EM field fluctuate. This supposedly creates an intolerable environment for the pests.

 

However, this device draws only a very small amount of current compared to normal household appliances. Even an incandescent light bulb draws considerably more current than the pest device. This means that the EM field strength generated by the device is very small even when compared to a light bulb.

 

One has to wonder whether insects and rodents can even detect these low level EM fields. Supposedly, it’s the fluctuations in the current that drives out these pests but if they can’t detect the low level EM field then they couldn’t possibly detect the fluctuations, and even if they could, one needs to question whether or not they are repelled by them.

 

Scientific Evidence
We searched the peer-reviewed scientific literature and found no scientific test data or University tests giving any evidence that these devices actually operate as advertised. According to the National Coalition Against the Misuse of Pesticides (NCAMP), Dr. William B. Jackson, of Bowling Green State University conducted several tests of an Ultrasonic device called Pest Patrol®. These tests reportedly showed a “statistically significant decrease in mouse activity in two of the [Pest Patrol®] chambers.” However, we cannot verify this information since, when contacted Dr. Jacksons’ office referred us to an attorney. At the time of this writing, the manufacturers of the Pest Patrol® (Lentek International) are in litigation with the FTC regarding alleged false advertising cliams about their devices. (see: FTC Charges Lentek with making false claims)

 

We contacted several major manufacturers of the devices available locally in Alaska for scientific data to back up their product’s claims. None of those contacted would (or could) provide us with any useful test data. One of the manufacturers claimed they had the data, but “misplaced it”. The one manufacturer that did supply us with data submitted physical test data, that is, they provided frequency ranges, wattage usage rates, fire safety test data, and customer testimonials, but no scientifically proven pest repellent efficacy test data. In light of this lack of evidence, we decided to conduct our own field test.

 

We purchased several of the devices available in local Alaska hardware stores and garden centers. We spent an average of $19.00 per device, with prices ranging from $4.99 to $35.99.  Each device we tested were advertised to repel insects and rodents. We placed them in Alaska homes, restaurant kitchens, and warehouses, where known insect or rodent infestations existed. We installed the devices according to the manufacturers directions. We allowed the devices to work for a minimum of 3 days, and a maximum of one month. During this time we took glue trap counts daily to monitor actual insect and rodent populations and compared them to the numbers of these pests caught before the devices were plugged in. In all cases average trap counts after the devices had been in operation did not deviate significantly from average trap counts taken before the devices were installed.

 

Conclusions
There is no electronic pest control device, either ultrasonic, electromagnetic, or any combination of these, scientifically proven to repel, mitigate, irritate, kill, or otherwise effect any animal or insect to any degree that would be effective enough to justify their use. Rodents may be temporarily repelled, but they simply avoid the sound by going behind objects that deflect it. Eventually, says the Federal Trade Commission the rodents get used to it.

 

Pets can hear the ultrasonic devices and a study done by the Purdue University Veterinary School found the devices cause hearing loss in dogs and cats.

 

Some gadgets claim to create an ”electromagnetic field” to repel pests, these devices do not produce a field of such intensity required to have any effect. There is no scientific evidence that any of these devices will work.

 

Ultrasound has not been shown to drive rodents from buildings or areas, nor has it been proven to cause above normal mortality in rodent populations. Some people that have used them claim that they work for them, so we cannot rightfully say that should never be used, but the evidence points toward these devices not being worth the money, time or effort.

 

Tests of commercial ultrasonic devices have indicated that rodents may be repelled from the immediate area of the ultrasound device for a few minutes to a few days, but they will nearly always return and resume normal activities. Other tests have shown that the degree of repellency depends on the frequency, intensity, and the pre-existing condition of the rodent infestation. The intensity of such sounds must be so great that damage to humans or domestic animals would also be likely. Commercial ultrasonic pest control devices do not produce sounds of such intensity.

 

Since these devices are often expensive and of questionable effectiveness, they cannot be recommended as a solution to rodent or insect problems.

 

FTC Cracks Down on Manufacturers
In May 2001, the Federal Trade Commission sent warning letters to 60 companies selling these devices warning them not to make claims without scientific evidence. see: http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2001/05/fyi0128.htm

 

In August of 2002, the FTC has charged Lentek International with making false claims that their electronic mosquito repellent devices repel mosquitoes. see: http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2002/08/lentek.htm
 
Sources: National Coalition Against the Misuse of Pesticides. Pesticides and You”, Volume 22, Number 2, Fall 2002, page 2.
Federal Trade Commission. News Releases, www.ftc.gov
Consumers Choice, Australian Consumers Group www.choice.com.au.

What is EECP? Enhanced External Counter Pulsation EECP

What is EECP?

Enhanced External Counter Pulsation EECP

For people with angina or heart failure, even simple activities — such as going to the mailbox or walking the dog — can be challenging.

If you are one of these people, take heart. There is a non-invasive treatment called EECP® Therapy that clinical experience has shown to be safe and to have benefit for the treatment of angina and heart failure. Approximately 80% of patients who complete the 35-hour course of EECP® Therapy experience significant symptom relief that may last up to three years.

EECP® Therapy is an outpatient treatment for angina and heart failure. Treatments are usually given for an hour each day, five days a week, for a total of 35 hours. During the treatment, you lie on a comfortable treatment table with large blood pressure-like cuffs wrapped around your legs and buttocks. These cuffs inflate and deflate at specific times between your heartbeats. A continuous electro cardiogram (ECG) is used to set the timing so the cuffs inflate while the heart is at rest, when it normally gets its supply of blood and oxygen. The cuffs deflate at the end of that rest period, just before the next heart beat. The special sensor applied to your finger checks the oxygen level in your blood and monitors the pressure waves created by the cuff inflations and deflations.